Exam 1 Lecture 2 Flashcards Preview

BIO 1510 Exam 1 > Exam 1 Lecture 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 Lecture 2 Deck (27)
Loading flashcards...
0

What is Reductionism

To break something down into its parts and understand how those parts work individually.

1

Reducing something into its parts is called __________.

Reductionism

2

What are the two philosophical approaches to science?

Reductionism and Systems Biology

3

Putting the pieces of a part together and seeing how they work as a system is called __________.

Systems Biology

4

What is Systems Biology?

Putting the pieces of a part together and seeing how they work as a system.

5

__________ are a way to organize concepts.

Models

6

A body of interconnected concepts that are supported by experimental evidence and scientific reasoning is __________.

Scientific Theory

7

A Scientific Theory is (more/less) complex than a hypothesis.

More

8

__________ are the basic units of life.

Cells

9

All organisms today descended from a simple creature __________ billion years ago.

3.5

10

What is the main fundamental characteristic of evolution that has been preserved?

DNA

11

There are __________ types of chromosomes in humans.

23

12

Continuity of life depends on copying of DNA into __________.

Daughter Cells

13

A gene is found on a __________.

Chromosome

14

There are __________ chromosomes in each human cell, half from each parent.

46

15

A gene sequence creates a __________.

Genome

16

In cells, information is passed on through the __________, __________ and __________.

Through Generations by DNA, between Cells and between the Environment.

17

The shape of something affects it's __________.

Function

18

What are the three domains of life?

Bacteria, archaea and eukarya.

19

Single-Celled organisms are called __________.

Prokaryotes

20

Multicellular Organisms are called __________.

Eukaryotes

21

Organisms with (lower/higher) fitness are more likely to pass on their genes to the next generation.

Higher

22

__________ have membrane-bound organelles.

Eukaryotes

23

The suffix -karyote means __________.

Nucleus

24

__________ don't have a true nucleus, but they have a single circular DNA.

Prokaryotes

25

What are the four types of Eukarya?

Plants
Fungi
Animals
Protists

43

Non equilibrium State means we are maintaining our complexity, which requires __________.

Energy