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1

French scorched earth policy pre-colonisation

1830s

2

Algeria becomes French military colony

1834

3

Setif massacre

1945 May 8

4

Independence struggle

1954-1962

5

the settler population of Algeria is up to c.1mil (12% of the population)

1952

6

Blum Violette proposed Bill (proposition: a minority of Algerians obtain full French citizenship while still allowing them to be subject to Muslim law on some social issues) - BLOCKED

1935

7

Brazzaville declaration (end of forced labor, the end of special legal restrictions that apply to natives but not to whites, the establishment of elected territorial assemblies, representation in Paris in a new "French Federation", and the eventual entry of black Africans in the French Assembly) - PASSED

1944

8

by _ _ _ _ only 2,500 Muslim Algerians had become french citizens

1936

9

Algeria economy starts failing - agricultural base threatened by lowering wheat prices, increased mechanisation -> 50% unemployement

1954 - 55

10

Indo China War

1946 - 1954

11

Elections to Algerian assembly - hugely fraudulent

1948

12

FLN formed by the HISTORIC 9

1954

13

FLN calls for Algerias to take arms from Egyptian free radio station

31 Oct 1954

14

Attacks begin from FLN

1st Nov 1954

15

Toussaint Rouge: Attacks begin from FLN (about 600 FLN forces)

1st Nov 1954

16

Battle of Algiers (poor communication on part of FLN)

1956-7

17

potential peace settlement between de Gaulle and FLN - QUASHED by MASSU COUP

May 1958

18

Formation of the GPRA - government in exile

1958

19

Evian Peace Accords

1962

20

Independence day

5th July 1962

21

the UN recognises the GPRA

1958

22

French attacks on Tunisia (ally of FLN) further anger the US

1957-8

23

Barricades Week

1960

24

Abbas joins FLN

1956