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HY113: Algeria > People > Flashcards

Flashcards in People Deck (8)
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1

Quinn

The history of colonial rule in Algeria was a "blood drenched affair" e.g. 1847 scorched earth invasion

2

Horne (2006)

- Muslims were automatically French subjects but not French citizens
- attacks began on nov 1st which was all saints day - moral significance - they were martyrs like saints - catholics were in church
- conflict within the FLN movement e.g. Bouadjadj was vert radical - bombings
- few weapons in the early struggle - tactics to get weapons from the french

3

Clarke

without the support of other African, Arab countries (Tunisia, Morocco, Egypt), the rebellion would have been crushed before the end of 1957

4

Connelly (2001)

- far from being mere pawns of the Great Powers, Algerian nationalists were able to take advantage of superpower rivalries and rewrite the rules of the cold war.
- Krim exaggerated the danger of soviet involvement in Algerian struggle which frightened America who in turn put pressure on their ally France (US double game)
- the US did not want to be implicated in colonialism
- even before the war the FLN did not consider winning a conventional victory (i.e. through military force) to be possible - military ventures were for the purpose of achieving diplomatic and propaganda victories
- propaganda around the world (e.g. clips of the french killing children) impacted international opinon - the french in contrast were silent on the issue which worked to their disadvantage.
- 1958 the UN recognises GPRA
- some french int agenda success e.g. Egypt and Nasser
- "no amount of diplomatic virtuosity would have sufficed if the GPRA's activities abroad had not visibly resonated with the people it represented"

5

Brannum and Irwin

it was the brutality of French forces that alienated support for continued colonisation in metropolitan France and discredited French prestige abroad.

6

Sparks (2007)

Algerian use of propaganda - spread by word of mouth because French would have just taken down posters. Sometimes paintings/ grafitti. Drew on setif masssacre and other attrocities committed by the French to call people to arms.

7

JACQUES SOUSTELLE

An algerian nationalist at the time - The revolt came about from a combination of egyptian pan-arabism and Algerian terrorism

8

C.R Ageron (2009)

Phillipeville massacre (1955) "provoked the desired split between Muslims and Europeans...the latter regarding all Muslims as rebels while the Muslims came to regard...the ALN as Mujahadin [The term Mujahideen or mujahadin in the Algerian dialect of Arabic means "warriors of Allah", describing those who in fight in jihad].