Flashcards in Crafting a Nation and a Constitution Deck (17)
Who was the chief architect of India's Constitution
List the Main points of the India Constitution
a. elections held every 5 years
b. Checks and balances between state and central government power and authority
c. Rights for the individual state government
d. Protection of Individual's civil liberties
e. Abolishing Untouchability
f. Rights for Women
When and where was Mohandas K. Gandhi assassinated?
January 1948, New Delhi
Why was Gandhi assassinated?
his message of involving Muslims into the Indian Nation
Who assassinated Gandhi?
What party was Gosde a part of?
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) party
After the assassination what happened to the RSS party?
it was banned
To create a better economy Nehru started what?
series of 5 year plans based on socialist principles and a mixed economy
What is socialism?
economy where government controls the means of production
What is a mixed economy?
economy based on socialist and free market elements
Describe the first five year plan (1951-1956)
a. land ownership reform
b. land divided into small pieces and sold at belie market prices to families of middle and lower castes
c. Agricultural productivity grew by 25%
Describe the second five year plan (1956-1961)
a. large industries came under control of the government
b. such as iron, steel, atomic energy, and defense industries
c. smaller industries remained in the private sector
d. Agricultural productivity grew by another 20%
Who became the first prime minister of India?
What did the Non-Alignment Movement do?
A group of former colonies who did not want to side with the western or soviet sides during the Cold War?
What remained the language of governance in India?
Nehru's government attempted to set up what?
standard of inclusion