Flashcards in Council Of The European Union Deck (16)
Council of the European Union role
Voice of EU member governments, adopting EU laws and coordinating EU policies
Council of the European Union members
Government ministers from each EU country, according to the policy area to be discussed
President of the council of the European Union
Each EU country holds the presidency on a 6-month rotating basis
When was the council of the European Union established
What was the council of the European Union originally called
Council of the European economic community
Where is the council of the European Union located
In the Council, government ministers from each EU country meet to
discuss, amend and adopt laws, and coordinate policies.
The ministers have the authority to
commit their governments to the actions agreed on in the meetings.
Together with the European Parliament, the Council is
the main decision-making body of the EU.
The European council and the council of Europe
European Council - quarterly summits, where EU leaders meet to set the broad direction of EU policy making
Council of Europe - not an EU body at all.
What does the council of the European Union do
Negotiates and adopts EU laws, together with the European Parliament, based on proposals from the European Commission
Coordinates EU countries' policies
Develops the EU's foreign & security policy, based on European Council guidelines
Concludes agreements between the EU and other countries or international organisations
Adopts the annual EU budget - jointly with the European Parliament.
Composition of the council of the European Union
There are no fixed members of the EU Council. Instead, the Council meets in 10 different configurations, each corresponding to the policy area being discussed. Depending on the configuration, each country sends their minister responsible for that policy area.
Who chairs the meetings?
The Foreign Affairs Council has a permanent chairperson.
All other Council meetings are chaired by the relevant minister of the country holding the rotating EU presidency.
Eurozone countries coordinate their economic policy through the Eurogroup, which consists of their economy and finance ministers. It meets the day before Economic & Financial Affairs Council meetings.
How does the council work?
All discussions & votes take place in public.
To be passed, decisions usually require a qualified majority :
55% of countries (with 28 current members, this means 16 countries)
representing at least 65 % of total EU population.
To block a decision, at least 4 countries are needed (representing at least 35% of total EU population)