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Flashcards in European Parliament Deck (20)
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1

What’s the role of the European Parliament?

Directly-elected EU body with legislative, supervisory, and budgetary responsibilities

2

Members of the European Parliament

751 MEPs (Members of the European Parliament)

3

European Parliament president

Antonio Tajani

4

When was the European Parliament established

1952

5

What was the European Parliament originally?

Common assembly of the European coal and steel community (1952)
European Parliament (1962)
First directed election in 1979

6

Where is the European Parliament located?

Strasbourg (France)
Brussels (Belgium)
Luxembourg

7

The European Parliament is

the EU's law-making body.

8

The European Parliament is directly elected by

EU voters every 5 years

9

The European Parliament has three main roles

Legislative
Supervisory
Budgetary

10

European Parliament: Legislative

Passing EU laws, together with the Council of the EU, based on European Commission proposals
Deciding on international agreements
Deciding on enlargements
Reviewing the Commission's work programme and asking it to propose legislation

11

European Parliament: Supervisory

Democratic scrutiny of all EU institutions
Electing the Commission President and approving the Commission as a body.
Granting discharge
Examining citizens' petitions and setting up inquiries
Discussing monetary policy with the European Central Bank
Questioning Commission and Council
Election observations

12

European Parliament: Budgetary

Establishing the EU budget, together with the Council
Approving the EU's long-term budget, the "Multiannual Financial Framework"

13

The number of MEPs for each country is

roughly proportionate to its population, but this is by degressive proportionality: no country can have fewer than 6 or more than 96 MEPs and the total number cannot exceed 751

14

MEP’s are grouped by

Political affiliation, not by nationality

15

The President represents Parliament to

other EU institutions and the outside world and gives the final go-ahead to the EU budget.

16

How does the Parliament work?

Parliament's work comprises two main stages:
1. Committees
2. Plenary sessions

17

European Parliament: committees are there to

To prepare legislation

18

European Parliament: plenary sessions are there to

To pass legislation

19

Committees

The Parliament numbers 20 committees and two subcommittees, each handling a particular policy area. The committees examine proposals for legislation, and MEPs and political groups can put forward amendments or propose to reject a bill. These issues are also debated within the political groups.

20

Plenary sessions

This is when all the MEPs gather in the chamber to give a final vote on the proposed legislation and the proposed amendments. Normally held in Strasbourg for four days a month, but sometimes there are additional sessions in Brussels.