Flashcards in comparisons, reduplication and formation of perf and plup tenses Deck (15)
what can happen if the first member of a comparison is in the nom or acc?
the second member can be put in the gen without ἠ (than)
what happens if the first member of a comparison is in the gen or dat?
ἠ (=than) is used, and both members are in the same case
give the 3 kinds of reduplication
1. true reduplication
2. ε prefixed
3. vowel lengthened
explain true reduplication
when the stem begins with a consonant (except ρ), followed by a vowel or by λ, ν, ρ, the initial consonant is repeated with ε
give an eg of a true reduplication of a Greek verb stem
λυ- goes to λε-λυ-
explain how ε can be prefixed for a reduplication
when the stem begins with two consonants (the second not being λ,ν,ρ) or with a double consonant (ψ, ζ, ξ) or with ρ, ε only is prefixed (ρ being doubled)
give 2 egs of an ε prefixed reduplication of a verb stem
1. πται- goes to ἐ-πται-
2. ψαυ- goes to ἐ-ψαυ-
explain a vowel lengthened reduplication
when the stem begins with a vowel, the vowel is lengthened as in the temporal augment
how do aspirates (χ, θ, φ) reduplicate?
with their hard letters
how does the verb stem χορευ- reduplicate?
how does the verb stem θυ- reduplicate?
how does the verb stem φυ- reduplicate?
how is the perfect tense formed?
reduplication+ verb stem+ κα
how is the pluperfect tense formed?
augment+ reduplication+ verb stem+ κειν/κη