comparisons, reduplication and formation of perf and plup tenses Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in comparisons, reduplication and formation of perf and plup tenses Deck (15)
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1

what can happen if the first member of a comparison is in the nom or acc?

the second member can be put in the gen without ἠ (than)

2

what happens if the first member of a comparison is in the gen or dat?

ἠ (=than) is used, and both members are in the same case

3

give the 3 kinds of reduplication

1. true reduplication
2. ε prefixed
3. vowel lengthened

4

explain true reduplication

when the stem begins with a consonant (except ρ), followed by a vowel or by λ, ν, ρ, the initial consonant is repeated with ε

5

give an eg of a true reduplication of a Greek verb stem

λυ- goes to λε-λυ-

6

explain how ε can be prefixed for a reduplication

when the stem begins with two consonants (the second not being λ,ν,ρ) or with a double consonant (ψ, ζ, ξ) or with ρ, ε only is prefixed (ρ being doubled)

7

give 2 egs of an ε prefixed reduplication of a verb stem

1. πται- goes to ἐ-πται-
2. ψαυ- goes to ἐ-ψαυ-

8

explain a vowel lengthened reduplication

when the stem begins with a vowel, the vowel is lengthened as in the temporal augment

9

how do aspirates (χ, θ, φ) reduplicate?

with their hard letters

10

how does the verb stem χορευ- reduplicate?

κε-χορευ-

11

how does the verb stem θυ- reduplicate?

τε-θυ-

12

how does the verb stem φυ- reduplicate?

πε-φυ-

13

how is the perfect tense formed?

reduplication+ verb stem+ κα

14

how is the pluperfect tense formed?

augment+ reduplication+ verb stem+ κειν/κη

15

recite the perfect active of λυω

λελυκα
λελυκας
λελυκε(ν)
λελυκαμεν
λελυκατε
λελυκασι(ν)

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