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Flashcards in Chinese History Deck (41)
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1

An Lushan Rebellion

755-757. Rebellion that Shifts Tangs central power...

2

All under Heaven

The whole world...Heavenly investiture of emperor over China

3

Han Ren/

Chinese person. I. e. Not a barbarian from the northern tribes.

4

Antiquity

Concept: The flourishing of sagely rule in harmony with universe in the distant past. How it contrasts to contemporary history and the narrative leading up to it.

5

Guizu/ Aristocratic

Social class w/ privelieges social and political and cash. All hereditary.

6

Barter Economy

They dont have money for trading!

7

Battle of talas River

753 C.e. Abbasid Caliphate vs Tang over Syr Darya region.
Loss and start of slow regression.

8

Bodhisattva

A being who postpones her ultimate enlightenment for saving all sentient beings.

9

Bronze age

Dating 2000-1400 bce, Writing, urbanization, stable hierarchy administering a large area.

10

Cash Tax

The obligation not in grain, 20 m textile and 30 working days for instance.

11

ChangÁn

Capital of Tang, now Xian

12

Confucian Classic 1

Cl. of Poetry aka book of songs and odes

13

Confucian Classics 2

Book of documents

14

Confucian classics 3.

Book of Rites, .

15

Confucian Classic 4.

I Ching Aka the book of change

16

Confucian Classic 5

SPring and Autumn Annals.

17

Confucius

551-479 bce. Chinas first Moral Philosopher!

18

Cosmic Resonance theory. CRT.

. 3rd c. bce+ "stimulus response" "mutual influence between like things"

parrallell Realm of heaven and man interaction.

19

Daoán

Budhist Monk, disc of Fotudeng, Created Chinese Sangha!

20

Fotudeng

(c. 231-349); a Buddhist wizard and teacher in northern China, from Kucha

21

Gongsun Long 公孫龍 (Gōngsūn Lóng)

fl. ca. 300 BCE A member of the School of Names (名家 Míngjiā). He is known for his paradox "A white horse is not a horse." (白馬非馬 bái mǎ fēi mǎ)

22

Antiquity

literally ancient times; also refers to concept in a view of history that defines some flourishing of sagely rule in harmony with the universe in the distant past, and contrasts the recent history leading up to the historical present accordingly

23

Beijing

lit. "Northern Capital"; known by many names throughout history, including Fanyang (範陽, Fanyang) during the Han Dynasty (漢朝, 206 BCE-220 CE), Tang Dynasty (唐朝, Tang chao, 618-907 CE); Yan (燕, Yan) or Yanjing (燕京, Yanjing) during the Warring States Period (戰國時代, Zhanguo shidai, 475-221 BCE), mid Tang Dynasty (唐朝, Tang chao, 618-907 CE), and Liao Dynasty (遼潮, 907-1125 CE); Zhongdu (中都, Zhongdu) during the Jin Dynasty (金潮, Jin chao, 1115-1234 CE); Dadu (大都, Dadu) during the Yuan Dynasty (元朝, Yuan chao, 1271-1368 CE); and Beiping (北平, Beiping) in the early Ming Dynasty (明朝, Ming chao, 1368-1644 CE) and Republican Period (民國, Minguo, 1912-1949). Located at the northern tip of the North China Plain (華北平原, Huabei pingyuan) and to the northwest of the Bohai Sea (渤海, Bohai)

24

Book of songs

also known as the Book of Odes or the Classic of Poetry, it is considered one of the Five Classics (五經, Wǔjīng) traditionally believed to be composed by Confucius. Scholars have studied and memorized it for two thousand years

25

Celestial Masters

a Daoist religious group that received sacred teachings through revelations and promoted a way to achieve immortality

26

Chakravartan King

ancient Indian concept of an ideal ruler, whose ethical and benevolent rule extends across the universe. In Buddhism and Jainism especially, refers to an enlightened and powerful ruler

27

Daoist Religion

The organized religion of Daoism centered around revelations from the immortals

28

Daoist philosophy 道家 (Dàojiā)

The philosophy of early Daoist thinkers such as Laozi and Zhuangzi

29

Daoist Canon

refers to the hundreds of texts brought together by Daoist monks after the introduction of Buddhism to China as part of the larger attempt to oragnize and institutionalize Daoism as a religion

30

Dao

The Way, The Path