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Flashcards in Chinese 2 Deck (18)
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1

Grand Canal

unified network of canals linking Chang'an to Hangzhou (杭州, Hángzhōu) in the South and Beijing (北京, Běijīng) in the North. Construction began in the Sui Dynasty and continues to present. Lowered transportation costs and stimulated the development of markets and urban centers.

2

The Great Wall

The Great Wall is a series of walls and fortifications built on the northern frontier with the intention of dividing the pastoral and sedentary economies.The earliest portions date back to as early as the 7th century BCE.

3

Han Yu

768-824 CE. Tang Dynasty literatus and leader of the Ancient Style Movement. Han's thoughts on Confucianism, literature, ethics, and Buddhism influenced Song Dynasty thinkers and reformers like Ouyang Xiu (1007-1072 CE) and Wang Anshi (, 1021-1086 CE)

4

Homo Erectus

Earlier human species. Appeared in Asia over a million years ago. Peking man is one of the best documented examples.

5

mmortals 仙人 (xianren)

Beings who Transcend the mortal world

6

Iron Age

A general modern periodization of early history that comes after the Bronze Age. It is generally considered to encompass late Spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period.

7

Mencius

fl. 320 BCE Chinese philosopher who is generally considered a Confucian.

8

Parallelism

two lines within a couplet that consists of syntactically and semantically similar words, belonging to the same conceptual category, in the same position between lines

9

Rebellion of the Seven States 七國之亂 (Qī guó zhī luàn)

154 BCE. Also known as Revolt of the Seven States. Led by the King of Wu (nephew of Emperor Gaozu), who was still bitter that his heir was killed by Emperor Jing when he was the crown prince, six other eastern kingdoms also rebelled against the Han. After the rebellion was put down, several kingdoms were reduced in size or even abolished.

10

Rule of Avoidance

rule first employed in the Sui (隋, Suí) Dynasty to reduce the problem of local power bases and prevent improper influence on officials. Prevented appointees to government posts from serving in their home regions

11

Fall of Kaifeng

1128 ce.

12

Su Shi

Person.

13

Wang Anshi

1021-1085

14

Sima Guang

1018-1085

15

First government issue of Paper money

Yeah! 1121

16

First reference of Compass in China!

Yeah! 1120

17

Temujin

Aka Chingis Khan.

18

Song Dynasty

Northern first, then replaced to Southern. 1127-1279