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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Portable Extinguishers Deck (22)
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- one of the most common fire protection appliances in use today - Fixed facilites and appartus - Excellent in incipient fires



Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers


NFPA 1901 Requires that pumping apparatus have what for extinguishers

-minimum dry chem 80B:C -(CO2) Carbon Dioxide 10B:C -2 1/2 gal water extinguisher



2 1/2-30lbs Reach 5-20' 8-25 seconds


Pump tank

1 1/2-5gallons Reach 30-40' 45 seconds to 3 minutes A fires only


Stored-Pressure water extinguishers

(air-pressurized water) "APW" small class a fires, hot spots, chimney flue fires -Compressed air or Nitrogen



Aqueous Film Forming Foam A&B fires Compressed Air or Nitrogen Suppresing vapors by rain down or deflect off object -Different than APW in two ways - Specific amount of AFFF concentrate - Air aspirating nozzle Not effective on flamable liquids that are water-soluble(polar solvents) Alcohol & Acetone


Halon Extinguishers

- Two most common - Halon 1211 ( Bromochlorodifluoromethane) - Halon 1301 ( Bromotrifluoromethane)


Carbon Dioxide Computer labs

(CO2) B & C fires ( displaces O2 & Smothers) less than 15'. - Handheld & Wheeled units, Discharge in gas, Limited reach, Stored under its own pressure as liquified gas. -wheeled units most common @ airports & industrial facilites


Dry Chemical

ABC or BC Fires *Most common in use today -Two types (BC/ABC) -Common used dry chemicals are Sodium Bicarbonate, Potassium Bicarb, Urea Potassium Bicarbonate, Potassium chloride, Monommonium Phosphate - Corrosive to metals


Dry Powder

Class D fires only


Handheld Units

-Two basic designs - Stored- Pressure, simiular to APW with constant pressure about 200psi - Cartridge- operated, plunger pushed to energize Nitrogen or carbon Dioxide


Extinguisher Rating System

A triangle green, ordinary combustibles

B box red, flammable liquids

C circle Blue, Electrical

D Star Yellow, Combustible metals



Extgusiher rating systems for class A,B,C,D

-Class A - 1A-40A water - 1A=1 1/4 gallons, 2A= 2.5 gallons or twice of 1A

-Class B - 1B-640B - Square foot of flammable liquid that a nonexpert could put out.

- Class C No fire extinguishing

-Class D ratings vary with type of combustible metals being tested Reactions between the metals and agent Toxicity of the agent Toxicity of the fumes produced & the products of combustion. Time to allow metal to burn out without fire suppression efforts versus time to extinguish


Mulitple markings on extinguishers

Most common are A-B-C, A-B & B-C


Two systems of labeling portable Extinguishers

- Geometric shape , triagle, box, circle, star

- Pictographs


Inspecting extinguisher immediately before use

- External condition, no apparent damage - Hose/Nozzle, in place - Weight- Feels as though it contains agent - Pressure gage (if available), in operable range


Use of Extinguisher

- Select approprite size & type - approach from windward side (wind at back) - If not extinguished after full extinguisher, back of & reasses. - Lay empty extinguishers on their side


Inspecting Extinguishers

- Inspect regularly to ensure accessible & operable, designated loacation, & not been activated and tampered with. - Servicing is the responsibility of the property owner or building occupant.


During Inspections

-Check for proper loaction, Accessible & inspection tag date. - Check discharge nozzle or horn, obstuctions, cracks, dirt or grease - Check shell for damage, lock pins, tamper seals, full of agent & pressure, weight - Instructions of nameplate are legible - If found deficant in weight by 10% remove from service.


3 important factors that determine the value of extinguishers?

- Serviceability - Accessibility - User's ability to operate it


Inverting type Extinguishers

Stopped in 1969 29CFR1910-157 Sept 12,1980 needed to remove all inverted soft solder, revited by , Jan 1982