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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (33)
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1

_____ psychology examines growth and change in physical, cognitive, and social areas across the life span.

developmental

2

_____ is the study of how the environment can cause genes to be either active or inactive.

Epigenetics

3

Kohlberg is to Erikson as _____ development is to _____ development.

moral; psychosocial

4

Genes make up _____, which in turn make(s) up _____.

DNA; chromosomes

5

Dr. Towne believes that genetics are primarily responsible for personality traits. Dr. West believes that experiences are primarily responsible for personality traits. The two psychologists are on different sides of the _____ debate.

nature and nurture

6

Baby Hannah automatically turns her head in the direction of a touch on the cheek. This is the _____ reflex; it helps an infant to _____.

rooting; obtain food

7

Danielle is consulting her college's course catalog. The description of one psychology course begins, "This course surveys growth and change across the life span in physical, cognitive, and social domains." This course is MOST likely titled:

Developmental Psychology

8

Dr. Grove studies how obesity rates change from childhood through old age. Dr. Grove is MOST likely a _____ psychologist.

developmental

9

What do developmental psychologists seek to understand?

growth and change across the lifespan

10

Marjorie has just completed an introductory course in psychology at a local community college. She would like to take another psychology course next semester. The college offers courses in developmental psychology, social psychology, personality psychology, and industrial-organizational psychology. Marjorie is especially interested in change and growth across the lifespan. Based on this information, Marjorie should consider the course in _____ psychology MOST strongly.

developmental

11

According to Jean Piaget, during the _____ stage of cognitive development, abstract logic and the potential for mature moral reasoning are formed.

formal operational

12

Approximately _____% of infants are securely attached to a parent.

60

13

During the _____ stage of Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development, children are able to represent things with words and images and use intuitive rather than logical reasoning.

preoperational

14

In one study described in the textbook, infants with difficult temperaments were randomly assigned to either a condition in which their mothers received sensitivity training or a condition in which their mothers received no training. In this study, infants whose mothers received sensitivity training were in the _____ group.

experimental

15

The topic of maturation is MOST likely to arise in a conversation concerning _____ development.

biological

16

Based on Harlow's research with monkeys, what is the MOST helpful thing a person can do for a frightened infant or child?

touch or hold her

17

Anatoli and Andrei are 11-month-old identical twins. Anatoli took his first steps yesterday. How soon will Andrei take his first steps?

within a day; identical twins generally begin walking on or nearly on the same day.

18

A game of peak-a-boo with his dad excites William during the first 6 months of his life because William actually thinks his dad has disappeared. This is because William lacks _____.

object permanence

19

Shelly's brother hid her favorite stuffed bear in another cabinet after Shelly had originally put the bear in her own toy chest. When she returns she is able to find the bear in the other cabinet where her brother had put it. This illustrates Shelly's development of:

theory of mind.

20

Yun Hee lives in New York and is concerned about her daughter, who will be 1-year-old next week. Her baby is not walking yet, and Yun Hee's family is starting to comment on this. Should she be worried?

No, she should not worry. Only 50 percent of all babies in the U.S. are walking within a week after their first birthday.

21

Five-year-old Otto complained to his mom that the pizza was not big enough. Otto's mom cut the pizza into smaller slices, thus making Otto happy, because he believed the pizza had become larger. Otto lacks the concept of:

conservation

22

During adolescence, most individuals achieve Jean Piaget's _____ stage of cognitive development.

formal operational

23

When a woman stops ovulating and becomes incapable of reproduction, she experiences:

menopause

24

What marks the beginning of adolescence?

physical signs of sexual maturation

25

Bernice is 62. She is in a life stage known as _____ adulthood.

middle

26

Preconventional moral reasoning is to conventional moral reasoning as _____ is to _____.

self-interest; social relationships

27

A 49-year-old female is in a life stage known as _____ adulthood.

middle

28

Mike is 68 years old and is sitting in his recliner reflecting on the mistakes he made in his life as well as the dreams that went unfulfilled. According to Erik Erikson, Mike is in the stage of development called:

integrity vs. despair

29

Jessica acts so differently with her parents than with her girlfriends that she often thinks her personality is completely phony. Erik Erikson would have suggested that Jessica is experiencing:

role confusion

30

Jarrell thinks he should obey his teachers only if they are carefully watching him. Lawrence Kohlberg would suggest that Jarrell demonstrates a _____ morality.

preconventional