Ch 4 & 5 Vocab Flashcards Preview

History of Architecture & Furniture I > Ch 4 & 5 Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 4 & 5 Vocab Deck (27)
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1

Define Megra.

An oblong hall with a columned porch.

2

Define Portico.

A colonnaded porch or walkway.

3

Define Flutings.

Parallel, concave grooves that are used to ornament a surface.

4

Define wattle and daub.

Construction made of interwoven poles or sticks (wattle) in which is plastered a layer of clay or mud (daub).

5

Define Oculus.

A round window or roof opening

6

Define Coffers.

An ornamental sunken panel in a ceiling, vault, or the lower surface of an arch, beam, or other architectural feature

7

Define Cella.

The interior chamber of a classical temple, in which usually stood the cult statue

8

Define Thermae.

the public baths of ancient Rome

9

Define Lectus.

a roman couch

10

Define Klinium.

a sofa in the roman dining room

11

Define Solium.

a seat of honor, sometimes carved in stone

12

Define Cathedra.

a seat, specifically the chair of a bishop

13

Define Sella.

a folding stool

14

Define Curule.

a chair with a curved back, curved legs, and curved seat that meet at the center of the front

15

Define Armarium.

a cupboard for the display of family treasures

16

Define Candelabra.

branched candlesticks or lamp stand

17

Define Valances.

a horizontal feature used as the heading of over draperies and made of textile, wood, metal, or other material

18

Define Groin Vault.

where two barrel vault met at right angles

19

Define Barrel vault.

curved ceiling

20

Define Domus.

a roman town house

21

Define Rotunda.

a building or room cylindrical in shape, usually topped with a dome

22

Define Compluvium.

a roman house, the roof opening above the atrium

23

Define Mensa.

a low dining table

24

Define Impluvium.

the basin set into the floor that catches the rain falling through the compluvium

25

Define Insulae.

a roman apartment building

26

Define Villa.

a country estate, including both house and grounds

27

Define Trompe l'oeil.

french term for illusionistic painting or carving