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Flashcards in Cardiology Deck (86)
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1

PAOP/normal values/ parameter measured

LV- (8-12 mmHG) preload

2

RAP/ normal values/ parameter measured

Right Ventricle ( 2-6mmHg) preload

3

SVR/SVRI/ normal values/ parameter measured

Systemic vascular resistance/ (800-1400)/ afterload

4

What formula states: resistance in a vessels depends on: length of the vessel, radius of the vessel, and the viscosity of the vessel

Poiseuille's Formula

5

the nutrient bed where exchange of gases, nutrients, and metabolites takes place by the process of diffusion

Capillary bed

6

a term used to describe fluid accumulation in any space that is not intravascular or intracellular

third spacing

7

Angiotensin II causes

vasoconstriction and secretion of aldosterone

8

Angiotensin I is converted to antiotensin II by ___ ___ ___ as the blood travels through the lung

Angiotensin converting enzyme

9

Lactic acidosis is a result of anaeorbic metabolsim, and elevated serum arteral lactate level indicates a

tissue oxygen deficit

10

What is the normal arterial lactate level

1mmol/L

11

Herbal Suppliments:
may increase risk of bleeding with warfarin

Alfalfa

12

Herbal Suppliments:
may cause hypotension

Black cohosh

13

Herbal Suppliments: may increase hr and/or bp

ephedra

14

Herbal Suppliments: may potentiate warfarin

ginger

15

Herbal Suppliments: may increase risk of bleeding with anticoagulants

garlic

16

Herbal Suppliments: may potentiate warfarin; may cause hypertension, hallucinations, or delirium

goldenseal

17

Herbal Suppliments: increases effects of statins, calcium channel blockers

grapefruite juice

18

Herbal Suppliments: may decrease effects of warfarin

green tea

19

Herbal Suppliments: potentiate effects of cardiac glyocosides and nitrates

hawthorn

20

Herbal Suppliments: may increase HR or BP; may decrease digoxin blood level

St. John's Wort

21

alternating pluse waves, every other beat being weaker than the preceding one, characteristic of:

Pulses Alternans
Characteristics of LVF

22

an exaggeration of normal physiologic response to inspiration, BP drop of more than 10mmHg during inspiration

Pulsus paradoxus
Characteristic of: cardiac tamponade, pericardial effusion
advance HF
hemorrhagic shock

23

identified by dorsiflexing the foot with the knee slightly bent, present if:
indicates:

Homan's sign
present if the patient has pain in the calf
indicates thrombophlebitis

24

What are the 6 P's of acute arterial occlusion

Pain, Pallor, Pulselessness, Parasthesia, Paralysis, Polar (cold)

25

Stroke Volume

60-120

26

In cardiac pulmonary edema, the __ is elevated, ___ is elevated, and the difference between the PA diastolic and PAOP is less than __ mmHG

PAP (10-20) , PAOP(8-12), 5mmhg

27

Most common cause is acute respiratory distress syndrom or drowning

Noncardiac pulmonary edema

28

In noncardiac pulmonary edema, the __ is elevated, ___ is normal, and the difference between PAOP and PA diastolic is greater than ___ mmHg

PAP, PAOP, 5mmHg

29

MI Leads/CA Infarct:
Extensive Anterior

Leavs V1-V6
Left Main

30

MI Leads/CA Infarct:
Septal

Leads V1, V2, V3, V4
Left Anterior descending artery