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Flashcards in Building Construction Deck (16)
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Masonry buildings can be classified into two types: ______ & ________.

Unreinforced and reinforced

1

Unreinforced masonry can usually be identified by a "__________", usually every six courses, used to hold the bricks together structurally.

King's row

2

Hazards of unreinforced masonry are that walls can ______ easily if roof or floor sections fail and push r pull on the wall sections.

Collapse

3

Reinforced masonry is usually associated with _____ construction.

Block

4

_______ construction involves building wall, roof, and floor structures from lumber.

Frame

5

Roof structures can be classified in two styles: _______ and _______ construction.

Conventional and lightweight

6

________ framing was the primary method of framing roof structures prior to 1960.

Conventional

7

________ trusses are designed as a series of triangles, each component of the _______ truss is dependent on the other for its support and strength.

Lightweight

8

In lightweight construction, members are held together by _______ or gang nails.

Gusset plates

9

In the late 1950s, ______ became commercially available, replacing 1x material for sheathing, decreasing cost and labor.

Plywood

10

In the early 80's, ______ becomes readily available.

OSB (oriented strand board)

11

This older method of framing involves straight runs on sidewalks usually with no fire stops from first to second floor. Interior floors were generally attached on the outside wall with a rim joist.

Balloon framing

12

In ______ framing, each floor level is built before the next floor is built, virtually eliminating fire travel.

Platform

13

3 types of roof styles common in ranch style homes.

Gable

Hip

Dutch Gable

14

________ roofs are generally seen in industrial applications.

Saw tooth

15

________ are normally wood framed or metal framed in construction, covered with steel, aluminum or fiberglass panels.

Metal buildings