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Flashcards in Biliary Workbook Key Terms Deck (70)
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1

Small opening in the duodenum in which the pancreatic and common bile duct enter to release secretions

Ampulla of Vater

2

Yellow pigment in bile formed by the breakdown of red blood cells

Bilirubin

3

Cholecystectomy

Removal of the GB.

4

Extends from the point where the common hepatic duct meets the cystic duct; drains into the duodenum after it joins within the main pancreatic duct.

Common Bile Duct

5

Common Duct

Refers to common bile and hepatic ducts when the cystic duct is not seen.

6

Bile duct system that drains the liver into the common bile duct.

Common Hepatic Duct

7

Connect the GB to the common Hepatic Duct

Cystic Duct

8

Storage Pouch for Bile

Gallbladder

9

A small part of the GB that lies near the cystic duct where stones may collect.

Hartmann's Pouch

10

Tiny valves found within the cystic duct.

Heister's Valve

11

Massive enlargement of the GB.

Hydrops

12

Travels horizontally through the pancreas to join the common bile duct at the ampulla of Vater.

Pancreatic Duct

13

Phrygian Cap

GB variant in which part of the fundus is bent back on itself.

14

The Central area of the liver where the portal vein, common duct, and hepatic artery enter.

Porta Hepatis

15

A small muscle that guards the ampulla of Vater.

Sphincter of Oddi

16

small polypoid projections from the gallbladder wall

adenomyomatosis

17

inflammation of the gallbladder may be acute or chronic

cholecystitis

18

cholangitis

Inflammation of the bile duct

19

cholecystokinin

a hormone secreted into the blood by the mucosa of the upper small intestine; stimulates contraction of the gallbladder and pancreatic secretion of enzymes

20

Choledochal cyst

cystic growth on the common duct that may cause obstruction

21

stones in the bile duct

choledocholithiasis

22

Gallstones in the gallbladder

cholelithiasis

23

Cholesterolosis

variant of adenomyomatosis; cholesterol polyps

24

jaundice

excessive bilirubin accumulation causes yellow pigmentation of the skin; 1st seen in the whites of the eyes

25

junctional fold

small septum within the gallbladder, usually arising from the posterior wall

26

cancer at the bifurcation of the hepatic ducts; may cause asymmetrical obstruction of the biliary tree

Klatskin's tumor

27

positive sign implies exquisite tenderness over the area of the gallbladder upon palpation

Murphy's sign

28

small, well-defined soft tissue projection from the gallbladder wall

polyp

29

calcification of the gallbladder wall is termed

porcelain gallbladder

30

Low-level echoes found along the posterior margin of the gallbladder; move with a change in position

sludge