Flashcards in Biliary Workbook Key Terms Deck (70)
Small opening in the duodenum in which the pancreatic and common bile duct enter to release secretions
Ampulla of Vater
Yellow pigment in bile formed by the breakdown of red blood cells
Removal of the GB.
Extends from the point where the common hepatic duct meets the cystic duct; drains into the duodenum after it joins within the main pancreatic duct.
Common Bile Duct
Refers to common bile and hepatic ducts when the cystic duct is not seen.
Bile duct system that drains the liver into the common bile duct.
Common Hepatic Duct
Connect the GB to the common Hepatic Duct
Storage Pouch for Bile
A small part of the GB that lies near the cystic duct where stones may collect.
Tiny valves found within the cystic duct.
Massive enlargement of the GB.
Travels horizontally through the pancreas to join the common bile duct at the ampulla of Vater.
GB variant in which part of the fundus is bent back on itself.
The Central area of the liver where the portal vein, common duct, and hepatic artery enter.
A small muscle that guards the ampulla of Vater.
Sphincter of Oddi
small polypoid projections from the gallbladder wall
inflammation of the gallbladder may be acute or chronic
Inflammation of the bile duct
a hormone secreted into the blood by the mucosa of the upper small intestine; stimulates contraction of the gallbladder and pancreatic secretion of enzymes
cystic growth on the common duct that may cause obstruction
stones in the bile duct
Gallstones in the gallbladder
variant of adenomyomatosis; cholesterol polyps
excessive bilirubin accumulation causes yellow pigmentation of the skin; 1st seen in the whites of the eyes
small septum within the gallbladder, usually arising from the posterior wall
cancer at the bifurcation of the hepatic ducts; may cause asymmetrical obstruction of the biliary tree
positive sign implies exquisite tenderness over the area of the gallbladder upon palpation
small, well-defined soft tissue projection from the gallbladder wall
calcification of the gallbladder wall is termed