Flashcards in Androgyny & The BSRI Deck (7)
What is androgyny?
The display of a balance of masculine and feminine characteristics in one's personality
What is the BEM sex role inventory?
The first systematic attempt to measure androgyny using a rating scale of 60 traits, 20 masculine, 20 feminine and 20 neutral to produce scores across two dimensions: masculinity-feminity & androgynous-undifferentiated
What did Sandra Bem suggest about high androgyny in an individual?
She suggested it was associated with psychological well-being. She thought individuals that were psychologically balanced in terms of masculinity and femininity were better equipped to deal with a range of situations and contexts.
What is crucial for androgyny and why?
There must be a balance of male and female characteristics, a female with very masculine traits would not be androgynous because there is not a balance it's one sided.
How does the Bem sex role inventory work?
60 characteristics - 20 male - 20 female - 20 neutral - respondents rate themselves on a seven-point rating scale - 1 is never true, 7 is always true - scores are classified in two dimensions - masculinity-femininity & androgynous-undifferentiated
High masc. Low fem. = Masculine
Low masc. High fem. = Feminine
High masc. High fem. = Androgynous
Low masc. Low fem. = Undifferentiated
What is a positive for androgyny and the BSRI?
The scale appears to be valid and reliable - 50 male & female judges valued male and female characteristics which became the test criteria - test piloted on over 1000 students - results broadly corresponded to own description