Advanced Vocab Words - Set 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Advanced Vocab Words - Set 5 Deck (200)
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1

Define:

obfuscate
(ob-fuh-skeyt)

v. to deliberately obscure, to make confusing, to bewilder

The governor obfuscated the issue with big words and numbers.

2

Define:

encomium
(en-koh-mee-uhm)

n. enthusiastic praise

That country's national anthem is an encomium to the heroes of a war long past.

3

Define:

din
(din)

n. loud sustained noise, confusing or tumultuous sound

During the concert, Jill couldn't hear Rick over the din of the loudspeakers.

4

Define:

alloy
(n. al-oi; v. al-oi)

n. a mixture of superior and inferior ingredients
v. to debase by mixing with something inferior

The heroism one sees nowadays is often alloyed with some degree of self-interest.

5

Define:

pugilism
(pyoo-djuh-liz-uhm)

n. the skill or practice of fighting with fists; boxing

Mike Tyson is known throughout the world for his pugilism.

6

Define:

sanctimony
(sangk-tuh-moh-nee)

n. self-righteousness, pretended piety, insincere holiness

His sanctimony was laughable, since we all knew he was one of the worst offenders.

7

Define:

baleful
(beyl-fuhl)

adj. full of sinister influence, pernicious, ominous

The basilisk's baleful glare is lethal.

8

Define:

hallow
(hal-oh)

v. to set apart as holy, to sanctify

The site for the church was hallowed in a special ceremony.

9

Define:

ostensible
(uh-sten-suh-buhl)

adj. apparent
adj. pretended

The oil spill was the ostensible result of lax safety regulations.

10

Define:

sinecure
(sahy-nih-kyoor)

n. a comfortable job requiring little work

Carolyn's position in the office is a sinecure; she does nothing all day yet she draws the same salary as everyone else.

11

Define:

lackey
(lak-ee)

n. a male servant, servile follower, toady

Lori's boyfriend becomes a lackey during her shopping trips.

12

Define:

redress
(ree-dress)

v. to set right, to remedy
n. compensation or restitution for a wrong

The peaceful petitioning for redress of wrongs is a right enshrined in our country's founding document.

13

Define:

unctuous
(uhngk-choo-uhs)

adj. oily, greasy
adj. characterized by insincere earnestness

The king had the unctuous toady removed from his palace.

14

Define:

arrant
(ar-uhnt)

adj. impudent
adj. thorough, utter, complete

Though the professor is considered one of the greats of his discipline, lately his lectures have verged on arrant nonsense.

15

Define:

vaunt
(vawnt)

v. to boast or brag about

Chris, though usually very modest, will readily vaunt his achievements in a job interview.

16

Define:

affectation
(af-ek-tey-shuhn)

n. a show or pretense
n. artificial behavior to impress others

That American doctor's affectation of a British accent has drawn much criticism.

17

Define:

philately
(fih-lat-uhl-ee)

n. the study of postage stamps

His grandfather is obsessed with philately and has even made several overseas pen pals in order to study their countries' postage.

18

Define:

canonical
(kuh-non-ih-kuhl)

adj. in agreement with accepted principles
adj. authorized, accepted

The canonical Mozart sonatas were consulted in order to compare them to the newly-discovered manuscript attributed to him.

19

Define:

whit
(wit)

n. the smallest possible part or fraction

The bank robber did not have a whit of self-respect.

20

Define:

epaulet
(ep-uh-let)

n. a shoulder ornament, esp. a strap on military uniforms

The veteran's uniform was adorned by a pair of impressive epaulets.

21

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to deliberately obscure, to make confusing, to bewilder

obfuscate
(ob-fuh-skeyt)

synonyms: baffle, muddle, confound

22

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. enthusiastic praise

encomium
(en-koh-mee-uhm)

synonyms: tribute, laudation, praise

23

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. loud, sustained noise, confusing or tumultuous sound

din
(din)

synonyms: buzz, clamor, commotion, racket

24

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a mixture of superior and inferior ingredients
v. to debase by mixing with something inferior

alloy
(n. al-oi; v. al-oi)

synonyms: blend, combination; debase, devalue

25

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the skill or practice of fighting with fists; boxing

pugilism
(pyoo-djuh-liz-uhm)

synonyms: battle, sparring, duel

26

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. self-righteousness, pretended piety, insincere holiness

sanctimony
(sangk-tuh-moh-nee)

synonyms: smug, hypocritical, preachy

27

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. full of sinister influence, pernicious, ominous

baleful
(beyl-fuhl)

synonyms: menacing, evil

28

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to set apart as holy, to sanctify

hallow
(hal-oh)

synonyms: bless, consecrate

29

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. apparent

ostensible
(uh-sten-suh-buhl)

synonyms: exhibited, likely, manifest

30

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a comfortable job requiring little work

sinecure
(sahy-nih-kyoor)

synonyms: easy work