Advanced Vocab Words - Set 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Advanced Vocab Words - Set 4 Deck (200)
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1

Define:

aseptic
(uh-sep-tik)

adj. free of pathogens or germs
adj. with little or no emotion

Doctors are always careful to use aseptic surgical equipment to prevent infection.

2

Define:

prolix
(proh-liks)

adj. wordy or prolonged; tedious in length

The prolix manuscript took days to read.

3

Define:

foolhardy
(fool-hahr-dee)

adj. reckless, unwisely bold; thoughtlessly rash

It was a foolhardy attempt to climb the Sears Tower that went very wrong.

4

Define:

picaresque
(pik-uh-resk)

adj. involving clever rogues in episodes of comedy or adventure

Huck Finn is a picaresque hero.

5

Define:

raucous
(raw-kuhs)

adj. rough sounding, harsh
adj. boisterous, rowdy, disorderly

The raucous laughter went on long into the night.

6

Define:

providential
(prov-ih-den-shuhl)

adj. to occur as if from divine intervention or great time

His providential recovery, when it seemed that he would surely succumb, brought hope to many.

7

Define:

antipodal
(an-tip-uh-dl)

adj. diametrically opposed to, polar opposite
adj. on the opposite side of the earth

The couple had totally antipodal personalities, but they enjoyed each other's company.

8

Define:

pillory
(pill-uh-ree)

v. to punish; to hold up for public scorning
n. a wooden framework with holes for head and hands, in which criminal offenders are held

Dan was pilloried in class for his inability to spell "potato".

9

Define:

infelicitous
(in-fuh-liss-ih-tuss)

adj. unfortunate, awkward, inappropriate

In Thailand, it is considered infelicitous to touch someone's head.

10

Define:

dilatory
(dil-uh-tawr-ee)

adj. tending to delay, put off, or procrastinate
adj. intended to slow progress

Courtney employed dilatory tactics in the debate in order to collect her thoughts, but the judges noticed and she was docked a point.

11

Define:

overweening
(oh-ver-wee-ning)

adj. presumptuously arrogant or conceited; overconfident, overbearing

Ian made the overweening assumption that people would rush to help him.

12

Define:

neologism
(nee-awl-uh-djiz-uhm)

n. the creation of new words, expressions, or usages for words

"Technophile" is a neologism, just as "UFO" once was.

13

Define:

lassitude
(lass-ih-tood)

n. a state of listless exhaustion, weakness, or weariness of the mind or body

The extreme heat led to a general lassitude that settled on the village from May to October.

14

Define:

locution
(loh-kyoo-shuhn)

n. a particular word, phrase, or style used by a person or group
n. style of speaking, phraseology

The newcomers were fascinated by the Aussie's locution.

15

Define:

jocose
(joh-kohss)

adj. characterized by a joking or humorous manner

The jocose innkeeper could always be counted on for a bit of levity.

16

Define:

rend
(rend)

v. to forcibly take
v. to tear apart

The three-year-old decided she wants to play with the teddy bear, so she rended it from her infant sister's hands.

17

Define:

stanch
(stawnch)

v. to cease the flow of a liquid (esp. blood)

The doctor's attempt to stanch the flow of blood eventually succeeded, and the patient's blood pressure stabilized.

18

Define:

solder
(sod-er)

v. to weld, fuse, or join (esp. metals)

Harry soldered the bits of scrap metal together to make a pet door.

19

Define:

demure
(duh-myoor)

adj. modest, shy

Lindsay was demure and had a tough time opening up to new people.

20

Define:

insensible
(in-sen-suh-buhl)

adj. unconscious, unresponsive

The boxer lay insensible on the floor of the ring.

21

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. free of pathogens or germs
adj. with little or no emotion

aseptic
(uh-sep-tik)

synonyms: barren, clean; withdrawn, introverted

22

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. wordy or prolonged; tedious in length

prolix
(proh-liks)

synonyms: lengthy, rambling

23

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. reckless, unwisely bold; thoughtlessly rash

foolhardy
(fool-hahr-dee)

synonyms: daredevil, venturous, risky

24

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. involving clever rogues in episodes of comedy or adventure

picaresque
(pik-uh-resk)

synonyms: roguish, satirical

25

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. rough sounding, harsh
adj. boisterous, rowdy, disorderly

raucous
(raw-kuhs)

synonyms: noisy, chaotic

26

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. to occur as if from divine intervention

providential
(prov-ih-den-shuhl)

synonyms: accidental, convenient, fortunate

27

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. diametrically opposed to, polar opposite
adj. on the opposite side of the earth

antipodal
(an-tip-uh-dl)

synonyms: opposed, contrary, counter

28

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to punish; to hold up for public scorning
n. a wooden framework with holes for head and hands, in which criminal offenders are held

pillory
(pill-uh-ree)

synonyms: ridicule, abuse

29

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unfortunate, awkward, inappropriate

infelicitous
(in-fuh-liss-ih-tuss)

synonyms: improper, ill suited

30

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. tending to delay, put off, or procrastinate
adj. intended to slow progress

dilatory
(dil-uh-tawr-ee)

synonyms: dallying, sluggish, tardy