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PHI 112: Ethics, Test 1 > Test 1 Study Guide > Flashcards

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1

___ 1. Which of the following in NOT a reason given for developing our natural moral reasoning skills?
a. We should be able to critically evaluate our own beliefs.
b. As we develop our skills we will be able to win more ethical arguments.
c. People of all perspect ives should be able to hold meaningful dialogue with each other.
d. Diverse communities necessitate that values be built of reason.

b. As we develop our skills we will be able to win more ethical arguments.

2

2. Hume’s Law is about
a. The difficulty of connecting ethics and natural science.
b. The ethics of religion.
c. The question of capital punishment.
d. The problem of deriving an ought from an is.

d. The problem of deriving an ought from an is.

3

Metaethics is largely about studying
a. The meanings of ethical language.
b. Those things which are beyond normal ethics.
c. Historical literature about ethics.
d. Ethical decisions sanctioned by religious beliefs.

a. The meanings of ethical language.

4

The reasons supporting a conclusion in an argument are called
a. ethical principles.
b. ad hominems.
c. valid forms.
d. premises.

d. premises.

5

Ethical theory does which of the following
a. Proves an argument to be right or wrong.
b. Shows people how they should act.
c. Agrees with legal decisions.
d. Provides reasons for judging actions to be right or wrong.

d. Provides reasons for judging actions to be right or wrong.

6

Another name for a good argument is
a. A correct argument.
b. A sound argument.
c. A winning argument.
d. A fair argument.

b. A sound argument.

7

The difference between teleological and deontological is that
a. Teleological is moral and deontological is immoral.
b. Teleological is focused on intention and deontological is focused on motive.
c. Deontological is focused of intention and teleological is focused on consequence.
d. Deontological is moral and teleological is immoral.

Deontological is focused of intention and teleological is focused on consequence.

8

Ethics requires skillful reasoning. Which of the following is NOT important to making a good argument?
a. The structure of the argument.
b. The conclusion follows from the premises.
c. The argument leads to the right conclusion.
d. The argument has internal logic.

c. The argument leads to the right conclusion.

9

Which of the following best describes Ethics?
a. A form of the "golden rule."
b. A branch of philosophy that uses reason to support positions.
c. A body of beliefs about right and wrong handed down from one generation to the next.
d. Behavior that is agreed upon to be moral by the majority.

b. A branch of philosophy that uses reason to support positions.

10

Ethical theories that focus primarily on CONSEQUENCES in determining moral rightness and wrongness are called ________.
A. virtue ethics B. deontological ethics
C. utilitarianism D. teleological ethics

D. teleological ethics

11

The view that holds that there are NO universally valid moral principles, but that such principles are HUMAN INVENTIONS, is which of the following?
A. moral objectivism B. ethical relativism
C. ethnocentrism D. ethical nihilism

B. ethical relativism

12

One ought to pay one's taxes.

Legal (L) or Ethical (E)

13

That is a worthless piece of art because it says nothing and expresses nothing.

Aesthetic (A)

14

What he did was praiseworthy because it was so selfless

Ethical (E)

15

You ought to stand when the Queen enters the room.

Custom (C)

16

More people now than twenty years ago believe that the death penalty is sometimes justified.

Descriptive (D)

17

We ought to respect our elders because it is the right thing to do

Normative (N)

18

It would not be right to decorate a room with furniture from two different historical periods.

Normative (N)

19

Which type of ethics analyzes and asks the meaning and function of ethical terms such as "good" or "right" and ethical statements such as "This is Good."
(1) Normative ethics (NE), or (2) Metaethics (M)

Metaethics (M)?

20

The statement "More than half the people in this country believe that giving military aid to foreign governments is wrong"

Descriptive (D

21

That type of ethics which holds that an act is never justified by its consequences, the end does not justify the means: Teleological (T) or Deontological (D) ethics?

Deontological (D

22

Although you intended well, what you did was bad because it caused more harm than good

Consequentialist (C)

23

Students ought not to cheat on their ethics test because if everyone cheated then the test grades would not mean anything.

Consequentialist (C)

24

It is only fair that you give him a chance for the position.

Non-consequentialist (NC)

25

To say that Sue has a right to know the truth is to give a consequentialist reason for being honest.

b. False

26

Looking at the source of an opinion instead of the reason given for it is called begging the question.

b. False

27

While emotions or feelings may play some role in moral considerations, one is also expected to give reasons for one's moral judgments.

a. True

28

Recommending a certain behavior such as sharing due to one’s own approval of that behavior is known as emotivism.

a. True

29

According to the text, one reason why we study ethics is to see whether we can justify the beliefs we already hold.

a. True

30

Ethics is exclusively a descriptive discipline.

b. False