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Career Counseling Part Two > Social Learning Theory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Social Learning Theory Deck (38)
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  • Social Learning Theory
    • Counselor Cognitive Strategies 
      • Goal clarification

  • Specific
  • Feasible
  • Desired
  • In line with skill of the counselor
  • Counter a troublesome belief
  • Cognitive rehearsal


  • Social learning theory
    • Counselor cognitive strategies
      • Goal clarification
        • Specific

Broad to narrow



  • Social learning theory
    • Counselor behavioral strategies
      • Goal clarification
        • Feasible

Is it possible? Can it be done? Change to something more feasible


  • Social learning theory
    • Counselor behavioral strategies
      • Goal Clarification
        • Desired

Desired by client, not by an outside force


Social learning

Counselor Cognitive strategies

Goal clarification

In line with skill of counselor

Ethically practice, Counselors can do damage if they practice outside of their scope


Social learning theory

Counselor cognitive strategies

Cognitive rehearsal

  • Replace negative thought with positive thought
  • More positive, realistic, and life affirming


  • Social learning theory
    • Counselor cognitive strategies
      • Counter a troublesome belief

“I’m not smart” Thoughts that hold people back Help create a rational response


  • Social Learning Theory
    • Planned Happenstance

Make chance work in your favor Curiosity Persistence, Optimism Risk taking


Social Learning Theory Planned Happenstance Curiosity

If you’re curious about something find a way to learn more about it Combine all the separate concepts. Optimism persistence etc


Social learning theory Planned happenstance Persistence

Be your own cheerleader


Social learning theory Planned happenstance Flexibility

Consider a variety of ideas and options


Social learning theory Planned happenstance Optimism

Think positively


Social learning theory Planned happenstance Risk-taking

Be willing to experiment, make mistakes, and change your mind.


Social Learning theory Genograms Purpose

Identify models that may have influenced attitudes and perceptions about work. Identify possible barriers to choice Expectations about career


Social Learning theory Genograms What does the client do?

Maps out family Start with grandparents Move forward with parents, siblings, etc The depth of this is determined by the client. Circles for women Squares for men


Social learning theory Genograms What type of client will benefit?

Clients with a low sense of identity


Social learning theory Genograms You’ve constructed the genogram, what is step 2?

Identify occupations of those included. Be sure to note careers and transitions


Social learning theory Genograms You’ve constructed and identified occupations on a genogram, what is step 3?

Explore the genogram with the client Look for themes and attitudes that have been picked up by family


Social learning theory Genograms You’ve completed the genogram, identified occupations, and now you’re exploring, what else do you look for?

Family role models, anyone the client admires in the genogram Successes as worker, spouse, family member How do family members integrate life roles?


Social learning theory Genograms Job attitudes What does the counselor look for?

What attitudes did the client learn from family? (Positive and negative) How do family attitudes affect career development in other family members? Are there certain missions valued and possibly passed down? (Success? Wealth? Large families)


Social learning theory Genograms Behaviors/attitudes What do the client/counselor explore about behaviors?

Gender influenced attitudes/behaviors reinforced? What behaviors/attitudes were frowned upon for female family members? Male? What are the perceived roles of family members? How does family address work, leisure, family?


Social learning theory What is the point?

The client hopefully will get a better idea of what works for him or her after exploring the job history of his family.


Social Learning Theory John Krumboltz

• Genetics • Environmental Conditions • Learning Experiences


Environmental conditions social learning Theory counselor Behavioral strategies

• Social Factors • Educational conditions • Occupational condition


Social Learning Theory Learning experiences

• Instrumental • Associative


Social learning Theory Genetics

• interest in how genes shape abilities


Social learning Theory Environmental conditions

• Formal education throughout life • caregiver attitudes toward education affect student attitudes


Social learning theory Occupational conditions

• regional economy • familiarity with certain occupations • occupational demands) opportunities available


Social learning theory Learning experiences

• Instrumental • Associative


Social learning theory Instrumental learning Experiences What are the ABCs of Instrumental Learning?

Antecedent: genes, skills, environment. Behavior: actions Consequence: results, reactions, impact on others (Think of the tennis player example) • operant conditioning • Shapes behaviors • more positive outcomes = continued engagement • more negative outcomes = less engagement