Skin Lesions Flashcards Preview

Nursing 2nd Sem > Skin Lesions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Skin Lesions Deck (18)
Loading flashcards...
1

circumscribed change of color on skin, no elevation or depression not palpable, less than 0.5cm

Macule
(Primary lesion)

2

circumscribed change of color on skin, no elevation or depression not palpable, >0.5cm diam

Patch
(Primary lesion)

3

Solid elevated circumscribed lesion, less than 0.5cm

Papule
(Primary lesion)

4

Solid elevated lesion, >0.5cm diam and deeper

Nodule
(Primary lesion)

5

Circumscribed, elevated, superficial, solid lesions, >0.5cm in diam but usually >2cm
ex. psorasis

Plaque
(Primary lesion)

6

Circumscribed elevated lesion which contains free fluid, less than 0.5cm

Vesicle
(Primary lesion)

7

Circumscribed elevated lesion which contains free fluid
> 1 cm diam
ex. burns, poison ivy

Bulla
(Primary lesion)

8

Hive: rounded or flat top elevated lesion formed by dermal edema, size vary
ex. Inscet bite

Wheal
(Primary lesion)

9

Elevated, superficial lesion filled with purulent fluid (pus)
ex. Acne

Pustule
(Primary lesion)

10

lined cavity filled with liquid or semi-solid liquid

Cyst
(Primary lesion)

11

linear crack or break from the epidermis to the dermis, moist or dry
ex. athletes foot

Fissure
(Secondary lesion)

12

Abnormal formation of connective tissue that replaces normal skin
ex. healed wound/incision

Scar
(Secondary lesion)

13

Excess, dead epidermal cells produced by abnormal keratinization and shedding
ex. flaking of skin caused of sunburn or reaction to drugs

Scale
(Secondary lesion)

14

loss of epidermis, extending to dermis, crater-like, irregular shape
ex. pressure ulcer

Ulcer
(Secondary lesion)

15

Exaggerated cutaneous reaction pattern to injury and inflammation, hypertrophied scar beyond wound marigin

Keloid
(Secondary lesion)

16

Areas which epidermis is missing, exposed dermis\
ex. scratch

Excoriation
(Secondary lesion)

17

Depression in skin resulting from thinning of the epidermis/dermis
ex.aged skin, striae

Atrophy
(Secondary lesion)

18

Thickening of the skin

Lichenification
(Secondary lesion)