Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders Flashcards Preview

Diagnosis (DSM-5 and beyond) > Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders Deck (52)
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1

What kind of delusion is a belief that one is going to be harmed or harassed by an individual, organization, or other group. It is also the most common type of delusion.

Persecutory.

2

What is the definition of a referential delusion?

The belief that certain gestures, and environmental cues are directed at oneself.

3

What type of delusion is defined as an individual believing he or she has exceptional abilities, wealth, or fame?

Grandiose.

4

What is an erotomanic delusion?

The false belief that another person is in love with him or her.

5

What type of delusion involves the conviction that a major catastrophe will occur?

Nihilistic.

6

Which delusion focuses on preoccupations regarding health and organ function?

Somatic delusions.

7

When is a delusion deemed bazaar?

A delusion is bazaar if they are clearly implausible and not understandable to same culture peers and do not derive from ordinary life experiences.

8

What is the definition of a hallucination?

A hallucination is a perception like experience that occurs without an external stimulus.

9

Hallucinations can occur in any sensory modality but what type of hallucination is the most common in schizophrenia and related disorders?

Auditory hallucinations.

10

In terms of disorganized thinking and speech what is the derailment?

Switching from one topic to another.

11

In terms of disorganized thinking and speech what is tangentiality considered?

Answers to questions may be obliquely related or completely unrelated.

12

What is the rarest type of disorganized thinking or speech in schizophrenia spectrum disorders?

Incoherence or "word salad".

13

What is the definition of catatonic behavior?

Catatonic behavior is defined as a marked decrease in reactivity to the environment.

14

What are the two prominent negative symptoms in schizophrenia and related disorders?

Diminished emotional expression and avolition.

15

What is the definition of avolition?

A decrease in motivated self initiated purposeful activity.

16

Are psychotic disorders considered homogenous or heterogenous?

Heterogenous.

17

For a diagnosis of delusional disorder what is the duration?

One month or longer.

18

True or false. An individual can be diagnosed with delusional disorder if he or she has met the criteria for schizophrenia?

False.

19

True or false. In delusional disorder, hallucinations if they are present are not prominent, And are related to the delusional theme.

True.

20

What are the most prominent types of somatic delusions?

That one is emitting a foul odor, and infestation of insects on the skin.

21

True or false. Individuals with delusional disorder may be able to factually describe that others view their beliefs as irrational but are unable to except this themselves.

True.

22

What is the most common type of delusion seen in delusional disorder?

Persecutory.

23

True or false. Jealous type of delusional disorder is more common in females.

False.

24

What are the four areas of behavior to consider when diagnosing someone with brief psychotic disorder?

Delusion. Hallucinations. Disorganized speech. And grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior.

25

In order for someone to be diagnosed with brief psychotic disorder, what is the timeframe of the disorder?

At least one day but less than one month.

26

True or false. Individuals with brief psychotic disorder typically experience emotional turmoil or overwhelming confusion.

True.

27

Which gender is brief psychotic disorder more common in?

Females.

28

What is the average age of onset for brief psychotic disorder?

Mid 30s.

29

For a diagnosis of schiziphreniform disorder an individual must have two or more of what symptoms?

Delusions. Hallucinations. Disorganize speech. Grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior. Negative symptoms.

30

For diagnosis of schizophreniform disorder, an episode of the disorder must last how long?

At least one month but less than six months.