Review Flashcards Preview

Dermatology > Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Review Deck (46)
Loading flashcards...
1

PEARLY WITH UMBILICATION

MOLLUSCUM CONTAGEOSUM

2

CHRISTMAS TREE TEST

PITYRIASIS ROSEA

3

WHAT ARE THE THREE TYPES OF TEST?

"WOODS LAMP- NITS FLUORESCE- NOT ALL FUNGUS WILL FLUORECSE. TINEA VERSICOLOR WILL FLUORECSE.

KOH- FUNGAL/YEAST-= LONG, BRANCHING, FUNCAL HYPHAE.

TZANK SMEAR- VERACILLA"- MULTINUCLEATED GIANT CELLS

4

RULE OF NINES FOR ADULTS

"HEAD- 9
ARMS- 9 EACH
TORSO- 18 EACH
LEGS- 18 EACH"

5

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ELCTRICAL AND THERMAL BURNS

"ELECTRICAL:
CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS
RENAL DUE TO RABDOMYOLYSIS
NEURO
MSK- LONG BONE MARROW DESTRUCTION

THERMAL:
TBSA NOT INCLUDE SUPERFICIAL BURNS
"

6

STEVEN JOHNSON EMERGENCIES

"TREAT LIKE A BURN:
HYPOTHERMIA
HYPOVOLEMIA
INFECTIONS"

7

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN BLACK WIDOW AND BROWN RECLUSE BITES

"BLACK WIDOW: NEUROTOXIC-- CRAMPING . - MEDICAL PROBLEM
BROWN RECLUSE: PAINLESS- - SEVERE NECROSIS -- SURGICAL PROBLEM"

8

RECOGNIZE AND 1ST LINE TREATMENT FOR CONTACT DERM WITH POISON OAK/IVY

STEROIDS

9

LICE

"WHITE SPECKS- NITS
IF SIGN OF INFECTION AND NITS= THEY HAVE HAD THE INFECTION FOR A WHILE
"

10

SCABES

"BURROWING,
LINEAR BURROWS IN THE WEBBED SPACES OF THE FINGERS AND TOES. "

11

DOMES SHAPED AND UMBILICATED

"MOLLUSCUM CONTAGEOSUM
"

12

WHAT ARE THE 5 P'S OF LICHEN

"Purple, Papules, Polygonal, Puritic,
"

13

EXLAMATION POINT HAIRS?

"ALOPECIA AREATA
"

14

COIN SHAPED LESIONS

"NUMMULAR ECSEMA
"

15

FLEXOR CREASES

ECSEMA

16

TAPIOCA LIKE LESSION ON THE LATERAL SIDES OF THE FINDERS

"DISHYDROTIC ECZEMA
"

17

SALMON OR PINK- HERALD PATCH AND PINE TREE

"PITARIASIS ROSEA
"

18

THICK PLAQUES ON EXTENSOR SURFACES

"PSORIOSIS
"

19

KOH AND SEE SPEGHETTI AND MEATBALLS

"DEPIGMENTATION- TINEA VERSICOLOR
"

20

CRADDLE CAP AND DANDRUFF

"SEBORRHEA DERMATITIS
"

21

SORE THROAT- AMOXACILLIN--- RASH

"MORBILLIFORM RASH
"

22

TARGET LESION WITH MEDICATION OR HSV

"ERYTHEMA MULTIFORM
"

23

FARMER WITH LOTS OF SKIN EXPOSURE WITH THINGS ON HIS EAR?

"ACTINIC KERATOSIS- PRECURSOR TO SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA
"

24

WATER PARK WITH MALAR RASH ON CHECKS- BUTTERFLY RASH WITH POSITIVE ANA- ANTINUCLIEOTID ANTIBODY = AUTOIMMUNE

SLE- SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS

25

MOON FACE

"CUSHING OR HYPERCORTISONE
"

26

WHAT ARE THE TOW DEPIGMONTATION?

VITILIGO AND TINEA VERSICOLOR

27

SKIN CANCERS

"SQUAMOUS CELL
BASAL CELL
MELANOMA- HOW DEEP DOWN THE CANCER GOES.
"

28

WHAT IS THE MOST COMMON SKIN CANCER

"BASAL CELL
"

29

ACNE- TREATMENT

Acne Treatment Overview
1. Principles
a. Use treatment for 2-3 months minimum
b. Often worsens before improvement
c. Use more than one agent unless very mild involvement
2. Mild Acne
a. Wash frequently (evidence is not strong for this)
b. Benzoyl peroxide or other keratolytic (topical retinoid) monotherapy
c. Combination therapy if monotherapy not effective in 2-3 months
d. Avoid using benzoyl peroxide + retinoid at same time of day
i. Use topical retinoid at HS (breaks down in sunlight)
ii. Use benzoyl peroxide at HS (due to bleaching)
3. Moderate Acne
a. Topical antibiotics +/- keratolytic +/- topical retinoid
OR
b. Systemic antibiotics (6-8 wks at Tx dose)+ keratolytic + topical retinoid
4. Severe or cystic Acne
a. Combined oral contraceptives (if female )
OR
b. Isotretinoin (systemic retinoid) x up to 6 months with iPLEDGE program

30

WHAT IS THE MOST BENIGN SKIN TUMOR

SEBBORHEA KERATOSIS- GREASY STUCK ON APPEAANCE