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da Vinci GCSE English Language Higher > Punctuation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Punctuation Deck (11)
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1

When would you use a comma?

To separate things in a list.
To connect subordinate clauses to main clauses.

For example:

I bought potatoes, bread, milk and cheese.

Shaking from head to toe, I stepped into the room.

2

When would you use a question mark?

At the end of a question.

For example:

What did they want from me?

3

When would you use an exclamation mark?

To show 'force': excitement, anger, fear, etc.

For example:

I love it!

"Come here!" she shouted.

4

When would you use parentheses?

To add in extra information to a sentence.

For example:

She was the youngest of my siblings (and the most annoying).

Remember:
The punctuation you need at the end of the sentence should go after the parenthesis.

5

When would you use ellipses?

To slow down the reading or create tension/suspense.

For example:

Nothing was there...

6

When would you use a dash?

To speed up the reading, or in place of parentheses, commas or colons.

For example:
The white sand, the warm water, the sparkling sun—this is what brought me to Hawaii.

7

When would you use a colon?

At the beginning of a list, to emphasise a point or to link clauses.

For example:
The college specialises in three subjects: drama, film studies and art.

The jury finally reached a verdict: guilty

I have very little time to learn the language: my new job starts in five weeks.

8

When would you use a semicolon?

Between two independent clauses, when the second clause expands on or explains the first.

Correct: I love elephants; they are incredibly intelligent.

Incorrect: I love elephants; I want a cup of tea.

Incorrect: I love elephants; watching them play in the water.

9

When would you use speech marks?

When using direct speech, or when quoting.


Correct: “Get your shoes on,” my mum said, “and get in the car.”

Incorrect: “Get your shoes on”, my mum said. “and get in the car”.

10

When would you use apostrophes?

When you omit letters in words, or to show possession.


Omission: I'm, wouldn't, can't, don't.

Possession: That is John's phone.

11

When would you use a full stop?

At the end of a sentence (a main clause).


Correct: Dashing downstairs, I grabbed my coat.

Incorrect: Dashing downstairs.