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da Vinci GCSE English Language Higher > Punctuation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Punctuation Deck (11)
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When would you use a comma?

To separate things in a list.
To connect subordinate clauses to main clauses.

For example:

I bought potatoes, bread, milk and cheese.

Shaking from head to toe, I stepped into the room.


When would you use a question mark?

At the end of a question.

For example:

What did they want from me?


When would you use an exclamation mark?

To show 'force': excitement, anger, fear, etc.

For example:

I love it!

"Come here!" she shouted.


When would you use parentheses?

To add in extra information to a sentence.

For example:

She was the youngest of my siblings (and the most annoying).

The punctuation you need at the end of the sentence should go after the parenthesis.


When would you use ellipses?

To slow down the reading or create tension/suspense.

For example:

Nothing was there...


When would you use a dash?

To speed up the reading, or in place of parentheses, commas or colons.

For example:
The white sand, the warm water, the sparkling sun—this is what brought me to Hawaii.


When would you use a colon?

At the beginning of a list, to emphasise a point or to link clauses.

For example:
The college specialises in three subjects: drama, film studies and art.

The jury finally reached a verdict: guilty

I have very little time to learn the language: my new job starts in five weeks.


When would you use a semicolon?

Between two independent clauses, when the second clause expands on or explains the first.

Correct: I love elephants; they are incredibly intelligent.

Incorrect: I love elephants; I want a cup of tea.

Incorrect: I love elephants; watching them play in the water.


When would you use speech marks?

When using direct speech, or when quoting.

Correct: “Get your shoes on,” my mum said, “and get in the car.”

Incorrect: “Get your shoes on”, my mum said. “and get in the car”.


When would you use apostrophes?

When you omit letters in words, or to show possession.

Omission: I'm, wouldn't, can't, don't.

Possession: That is John's phone.


When would you use a full stop?

At the end of a sentence (a main clause).

Correct: Dashing downstairs, I grabbed my coat.

Incorrect: Dashing downstairs.