phonology, prosodics and phonetics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in phonology, prosodics and phonetics Deck (30)
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1

what is a phoneme

the basic unit of sound

2

what is phonetics

the way sounds are produced

3

what is phonology

exploring the sound system

4

what is dipthong

a vowel sound that is made up of 2 vowels, e.g coat

5

what is voicing

when the vocal chords vibrate and don't vibrate

6

what is acomodation

the ways an individual adjusts speech to match others

7

what is sound iconicity

the use of the sound system to mirror meaning

8

what is plosives

p, b , t

9

what is fricatives

f ,v, s

10

what is africatives

ch , dj

11

what is approximants

r , j , w

12

what is nasal

m,n

13

what are the features of prosody

pitch, pauses, rhythm, stress, volume, intonation

14

what is pitch

the degree of highness/ lowness of tone

15

what is pauses

a temporary stop in speech

16

what is rhythm

regaular repeated patterns of sounds

17

what is stress

empathis on a certain syllable

18

what is volume

level of sound

19

what is intonatin

the way someones voice rises and falls as they speak

20

what is paralanguage

aspects of individual vocal expressions e.g whispering

21

what is hetrophone

words with the same spelling but different pronuncitation e.g .row, row

22

what is accent

regional variety of speech in terms of pronunctiaton

23

what is syllable

a sound unit with a vowel at its centre

24

what is homohpone

words with the same pronunciation but different spelling e.g two too to

25

what is morpheme

smallest unit of meaningful sound

26

what is phonoligcal manipulatin

playing with sounds for comical effect

27

what is assonance

the repition of vowel sounds to create internal rhyme

28

what is sibiliance

the repition of constanants

29

what is alliteration

the repitiion of constonant sounds in close promximity

30

what is onomatopoeia

the way some words appear to eacho the sound they describe