Flashcards in OCD Deck (24)
What is OCD?
A psychiatric disorder consisting of obsessions which lead to heightened anxiety and distress resulting in compulsions in an attempt to relive the negative feelings
What is an Obsession?
Recurrent and persistent thoughts, urges,, or images that are experienced as intrusive or unwanted
What is a Compulsion?
Repetitive behaviour or mental acts aimed at preventing or reducing anxiety or distress
Unrealistic or Excessive
What percentage of the populations affected by OCD?
OCD is among the top 10 leading causes of illness related ________ worldwide
What are the DSM-5 Criteria for OCD?
Cause significant psychological distress
What does the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) rate clinical severity in OCD on?
2. Degree of interference
3. Subjective distress
5. Degree of control
What are the four discrete dimensions of OCD?
What is the CSTC circuit?
What does the CSTC circuit connect?
Cortex > Striatum > Thalamus
In normal individuals when the CSTC circuit is activated ________ signals from the PFC excite the Striatum which then leads to reduced ________ of the Thalamus (via GABA) and subsequent _________ of the PFC
In OCD patients the thalamus is ______ leading to ________ of areas of the PFC and striatum
What are the principal (suggested) neurotransmitter systems which play a part in OCD?
There is a greater ________ component in childhood onset forms of OCD where as __________ factors are more important for later-onset forms of OCD
What is the most common and effective form of treatment and how does it work to relieve symptoms of OCD?
Helps OCD individuals understand the inaccuracy of their obsessions and learn to different ways of dealing with them instead of compulsions
What are four possible Environmental factors that can lead to OCD?
Following successful CBT, OCD patients show reduced metabolic activity in the ________ and parts of the Basal Ganglia and increased connectivity among the ________, ________ and PFC
Which drug is most commonly used to treat OCD and why?
Deficiency in serotonin is though to underlie OCD
Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders (OCDR) are characterized by...
What are some examples of OCDRs?
Boddy Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)
Trichotillomania (excessive hair pulling)
Excoriation Disorder (excessive skin picking)
BDD is a body-image disorder characterized by ______ and _______ preoccupations with imagined or slight defect in one's ____________
What do many individuals with BDD do rather than seek help from mental professionals?
Look into Cosmetic Surgery to fix their perceived flaws
What areas do individuals with BDD display increased activity in?