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Flashcards in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Deck (77)
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Which disorder is characterized by both intellectual and adaptive functioning deficits in conceptual social and practical domains?

Intellectual developmental disorder


The first criterion in intellectual developmental disorder states that there must be deficits in intellectual functioning. What are these?

Problem-solving, planning, abstract thinking, judgment, academic learning, and learning from experiences.


True or false. Deficits in intellectual functioning must be confirmed by both clinical assessments and individualized, standardize intelligence testing?



Criterion B of intellectual developmental disorder states that there must be deficits in adaptive functioning that result in failure to meet developmental and socio-cultural standards for what two areas?

Personal independence and social responsibility


What is the third and final criteria for intellectual developmental disorder?

Onset of intellectual and adaptive deficits occur during the developmental period.


Why is the level of severity for intellectual developmental disorder based on adaptive functioning and NOT IQ scores?

Because IQ scores do NOT determine the level of support required.


Individuals with intellectual disability have scores of approximately how many standard deviation below the population mean?

Two standard deviation's or more


Adaptive functioning involves adaptive reasoning in which three domains?

Conceptual or academic, social, and practical domains.


Is intellectual disability considered homogenous or heterogenous?



Intellectual disability has an overall general population prevalence of approximately how many percent?



True or false. Intellectual disability is considered generally nonprogressive?



When is an individual diagnosed with global developmental delay instead of intellectual disability?

This diagnosis is reserved for individuals who are UNDER the age of five and were unable to undergo systematic assessment.


When is an individual diagnosed with unspecified intellectual disability instead of intellectual disability?

This category should only be used in exceptional circumstances and requires reassessment after period of time. the individual is OVER the age of five.


Persistent difficulties in the acquisition and use of language across modalities due to deficits in comprehension and production are a diagnostic feature of which disorder?

Language disorder.


Criterion A of language disorder states that there are persistent difficulties in the acquisition and use of language across mobilities due to deficits in comprehension or production that include the following three categories. What are they?

Reduced vocabulary, limited sentence structure, and impairments in discourse.


Criterion D of language disorder states that the difficulties are not attributable to what impairments?

Hearing or other sensory impairments.


The child's first words and phrases are likely to be delayed in onset, vocabulary size is smaller and less varied, sentences are shorter and less complex with grammatical errors. This describes which disorder?

Language disorder.


In language disorder which language impairments have a poor prognosis, and are more resistant to treatment.

Receptive language impairments.


Criterion A of which disorder states that there is a persistent difficulty with speech sound production that interferes with speech intelligibility or prevents verbal communication of messages?

Speech sound disorder.


The progression in mastering speech sound production should result in mostly intelligible speech by which age?



How can you differentiate speech sound
from selective mutism?

Selective mutism may develop in children with a speech sound distorted because of embarrassment, however many children with selective mutism exhibit normal speech in "safe" settings.


Childhood-onset fluency disorder is also known as what?



Criterion A of childhood-onset fluency disorder states that disturbances are in...

Normal fluency and patterning of speech that are inappropriate for age and language skills.


In childhood onset fluency disorder, normal fluency and time patterning are marked by one or more of the following?

Sound and syllable repetitions, prolongation of consonants and vowels. Broken words, audible or silent blocking, circumlocutions, words produced with excess physical tension, and Monosyllabic word repetition.


Criterion B of childhood-onset fluency disorder states that the disturbance must cause what?

Anxiety about speaking or limitations in effective communication.


Childhood-onset fluency disorder has an age of onset between which ages?



True or false. Dysfluencies start gradually in childhood-onset fluency disorder?



The severity of fluency disorder at which age predicts the recovery and persistence rates?



Social pragmatic communication disorder is characterized by persistent difficulties in what?

Social use of verbal and nonverbal communication


Criterion A of social pragmatic communication disorder states there are persistent difficulties in the social use of verbal and nonverbal communication as manifested by all of the following:

Deficits in using communication for social purposes. Impairment in ability to change communication to match context or needs of the listener. Difficulty following rules for conversation and storytelling. Difficulty understanding what is not explicitly stated.