market where there are many firms producing differentiating products in which there are no barriers to entry and exit
Monopolist competition assumptions:
- Number of firms
- Price control
- Barriers to entry and exit
- Short-run economic profit
- Long-run economic profit
How do firms product differentiate?
appearance, service, design, quality, expertise, location, branding
Examples of monopolistic competition
- Nail salons
- Car mechanics
How is a monopolistic competitive firm able to create market power?
create demand through product differentiation
What is the graph for monopolistic competition? Explain.
monopolistic competition demand curve not as steep as monopoly
- more elastic so have less market power
Why can monopolies earn short-run economic profit?
monopolistic competition can set price
Why can monopolistic competition not make long-run economic profit?
no barriers to exit and entry - like perfect competition
firms compete on price by lowering it in hopes of increasing demand at expense of other firm
What is the excess capacity pattern in monopolistic competition?
greater differentiation = greater excess capacity
Monopolistic competition vs. perfect competition
- no economic profit in long-run
- no barriers to entry or exit
- perfect competition more efficient
- greater choice of product in monopolistic competition
Monopolistic competition vs. monopoly