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Flashcards in Module 1 Deck (63)
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1

research

a systematic inquiry that uses disciplined methods to answer questions and solve problems

2

What is the ultimate goal of formal research?

To gain knowledge that would be useful for many people

3

nursing research

systematic inquiry designed to develop trustworthy evidence about issues of importance to nurses and their clients

4

clinical nursing research

research designed to guide nursing practice

5

evidence based practice

the use of the best evidence in making patient care decisions, and such evidence typically comes from research conducted by nurses and other health care professionals

6

systematic reviews

rigorously integrate research information on a topic so that conclusions about the state of evidence can be reached

7

positivism

a reflection of a broader cultural movement that emphasizes the rational and the scientific

8

assumption

a principle that is believed to be true without verification

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determinism

refers to the positivists' belief that phenomena are not haphazard, but rather have antecedent causes

10

constructivist paradigm

assumes that knowledge is maximized when the distance between the inquirer and participants in the study is minimized

11

research methods

the techniques researchers use to structure a study and to gather and analyze relevant information

12

quantitative research

most closely associated with positivism

13

qualitative research

most closely linked to constructivist inquiry

14

cause probing studies

studies designed to illuminate the underlying causes of phenomena

15

research utilization

the use of findings from disciplined research in a practical application that is unrelated to the original research

16

meta-analysis

a technique for integrating quantitative research findings statistically

17

clinical practice guidelines

give specific recommendations for evidence-based decision making

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implementation potential

organizational "fit"

19

Cochrane Collaboration

aim is to help providers make good health care decisions by preparing and disseminating systematic reviews of the effects of health care interventions

20

evidence hierarchy

purport to rank evidence sources according to the strength of the evidence they provide

21

What is the highest level of evidence?

Systematic review

22

meta-syntheses

integrate and amplify findings across qualitative studies

23

problem-focused trigger

the identification of clinical practice problem in need of solution

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knowledge-focused trigger

begins with innovation or research finding

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informant

the people participating in a qualitative study

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subject or participant

the people being studied in a quantitative study

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study site

the overall location for a study

28

concepts

abstractions of particular aspects of human behavior and characteristics Ex: pain, fatigue

29

construct

also refers to an abstraction but often one that is deliberately invented Ex: self-care

30

theory

explanation of some aspect of reality