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Flashcards in Midterm Review Deck (31)
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1

Rational

Gods were merely glorified men (i.e. Zeus was once Kin g of Crete and then later sky god)

2

Allegorical

Myths contain hidden symbols/meaning that must be deciphered (i.e. Cupids physical burn=wound of betrayal)

3

Aetiological

Myths explain the origins of natural phenomenon, beliefs, etc.

4

Psychological

By Freud, myths may reveal our subconscious fears and desires (i.e. Oedipus complex)

5

Anthropological/Sociological

mythic themes can be traced cross-culturally in search for mythic universals (i.e. the external soul motif is found in many cultures)

6

Structural

myths can be broken down into basic units of narrative sequence (i.e.

7

Greek author of Iliad and Odyssey

Homer

8

Greek author of theogony and the Works and Days

Hesiod

9

Lyrical poet known for his epinikia (victory odes written to celebrate athletes, festivals, etc.)

Pindar

10

Roman writer of Aeneid, Eclogues

Vergil

11

Roman writer of Metamorphoses

Ovid

12

Roman writer of Golden Ass

Apuleius

13

Prometheus' MAJOR CRIMES

1- he stole fire for man (fire symbolizing civilization, passion, and knowledge)
2- he fashioned man to walk up right (like the gods)
3-he tricked Zeus into accepting the bones and fat of the sacrificial animal
4- he refused to reveal sea nymph's identity
5- he saved mankind from the great flood

14

Explain Prometheus' punishments

Chained to a mountain crag in the Caucasus Mountains where an eagle attacks his liver daily (liver believed to be the seat of passion, so Prometheus' liver was being attacked bc he loved mankind too much)

15

Aetiological aspects of the Prometheus myth

it explains the origin of man, upright posture, fire, civilization, passion, intelligence, deceit, etc.

16

The Pandora myth explains the origins of...

hope, curiosity, women, female accessories, female beauty, etc.

17

Cupid means...

Love

18

Psyche means...

soul

19

Meaning of the fact that cupid is at first unseen but still loved...

"love is blind"

20

Cupids physical burn means...

a wound of betrayal

21

In cupid and psyche myth: The ants and reeds are forces of nature that promote...

love

22

In cupid and psyche myth: the aid of the eagle indicates ...

divine favor for love

23

In cupid and psyche myth:

love (cupid) and soul (psyche) are eternally united

24

Phoebus Apollo

means bright and shining; god of truth, enlightenment, prophecy

25

delian apollo

born on the island of delos

26

apollo citharoedus

lyre playing; god of music

27

apollo delphinius

the dolphin god; god of sailors

28

apollo loxias

the obscure one; ambiguous prophecy

29

pacan apollo

"the healer"; he can bring and take away destruction/plagues

30

Hermes 3 major lines of mythic development

1- rustic god of fertility- fertility of farm animals
2- trickster god- god of deceit/lying
3- god of boundings and the crossing of boundaries- messenger between heaven and earth (psychopompus- "conductor of souls" as guide between earth and the underworld) (greek kerux (herald) means expert sound maker)