Flashcards in Midterm Review Deck (31)
Gods were merely glorified men (i.e. Zeus was once Kin g of Crete and then later sky god)
Myths contain hidden symbols/meaning that must be deciphered (i.e. Cupids physical burn=wound of betrayal)
Myths explain the origins of natural phenomenon, beliefs, etc.
By Freud, myths may reveal our subconscious fears and desires (i.e. Oedipus complex)
mythic themes can be traced cross-culturally in search for mythic universals (i.e. the external soul motif is found in many cultures)
myths can be broken down into basic units of narrative sequence (i.e.
Greek author of Iliad and Odyssey
Greek author of theogony and the Works and Days
Lyrical poet known for his epinikia (victory odes written to celebrate athletes, festivals, etc.)
Roman writer of Aeneid, Eclogues
Roman writer of Metamorphoses
Roman writer of Golden Ass
Prometheus' MAJOR CRIMES
1- he stole fire for man (fire symbolizing civilization, passion, and knowledge)
2- he fashioned man to walk up right (like the gods)
3-he tricked Zeus into accepting the bones and fat of the sacrificial animal
4- he refused to reveal sea nymph's identity
5- he saved mankind from the great flood
Explain Prometheus' punishments
Chained to a mountain crag in the Caucasus Mountains where an eagle attacks his liver daily (liver believed to be the seat of passion, so Prometheus' liver was being attacked bc he loved mankind too much)
Aetiological aspects of the Prometheus myth
it explains the origin of man, upright posture, fire, civilization, passion, intelligence, deceit, etc.
The Pandora myth explains the origins of...
hope, curiosity, women, female accessories, female beauty, etc.
Meaning of the fact that cupid is at first unseen but still loved...
"love is blind"
Cupids physical burn means...
a wound of betrayal
In cupid and psyche myth: The ants and reeds are forces of nature that promote...
In cupid and psyche myth: the aid of the eagle indicates ...
divine favor for love
In cupid and psyche myth:
love (cupid) and soul (psyche) are eternally united
means bright and shining; god of truth, enlightenment, prophecy
born on the island of delos
lyre playing; god of music
the dolphin god; god of sailors
the obscure one; ambiguous prophecy
"the healer"; he can bring and take away destruction/plagues