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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (50)
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1

steps of writing a paper

1. define the purpose
2. explain to the audience what the paper is about
3. topic
- narrow down
-write a working thesis (controlling idea)
-brainstorm
-write a working outline
-write the rough draft
-revise the rough draft
-write the final draft
-proofread

2

the purpose of the introduction

-gets their attention
-tell what the paper is about
-intro needs to present your thesis

3

do not announce what the paper is about

******

4

purpose of topic sentences

-supports the thesis
-controls the content
-lets the reader know what the paragraph is about

5

do not repeat your introduction

****

6

do not bring up new material

***

7

what are the time orders

-chronological order
-spatial order
-progressive order

8

purpose of conclusion

-look to the future
-do not preach or use you
-offer encouragement
-offer a solution

9

purpose of transitions

-holds the paper together
-let the reader know the writer is getting to ready to bring in new material

10

goal of an essay

communication

11

characteristics of a good writer

honest - the reader trusts you
clear-
brief-
variety-

12

length of an essay

500-800 words

13

do not count the words _ or _

a or an

14

each essay should have _ paragraphs

5 paragraphs
(introduction, three body paragraphs, conclusion)

15

things to avoid in writing

second person, sentence fragments, contractions,slang, cliche

16

tone should be

neutral/serious

17

attitude of the writer

tone

18

word choice is called

diction

19

guidelines to academic writing

-500-800 words
-do not count the words a or an
-each essay should have 5 paragraphs
-avoid second person, sentence fragments, contractions, slang, and cliche
-tone should be neutral/serious
-tone is the attitude of the writer

20

4 common errors

comma splices, sentence fragments, run on sentences, misused commas

21

rhetoric

using language effectively

22

4 categories of rhetoric

-narration
-description
-argumentation/persuasion
-exposition

23

7 modes

exemplification
process analysis
comparison/contrast
classification/ division
cause and effect
defintion
analogy

24

exemplification is written in

progressive order (least important-most important)

25

4 functions of examples

offer support
clarify
interest
persuade

26

guidelines for choosing examples

-should always be simple and easy to understand
-reader should be able to relate
-example needs to support the thesis
-should be arranged so they hold the reader's attention
-do not generalize, be very specific
-hypothetical

27

the writer's points

a plan of proof
a plan of development
an essay map

28

do not say first and for most

**

29

do not say last but not least

*

30

process analysis paper

-how something is done
-how it works
-how something happens
-in third person
-2 paragraphs for intro (list the items the reader will need in the second intro paragraph)
-chronological order
-conclusion- suggest related process, advantages , offer encouragement