Flashcards in History of the Church Deck (47)
What was the Pentecost?
the birthday of the Church; the apostles were scared to go preach, but 50 days after Jesus' death, the Holy Spirit descended upon them and they went out and preached
What are the 4 marks of the Church?
One, holy, catholic, and apostolic
Define the meaning of "one"
the Church is one church; everyone is united
to be united with God, to be spiritually perfect, and to be free from all sin
"universal" or "comprehensive"
How is the Church Catholic?
it is founded on God's revelation through Jesus Christ
What does it mean that the Church is "apostolic"
it was founded on the apostles
What is the Holy Trinity?
three holy beings united in one godhead that share the same essence
What do we celebrate on Palm Sunday?
The day that Jesus was welcomed into Jerusalem with palms at his feet
What do we celebrate on Holy Thursday?
The Last Supper
What do we celebrate on Holy Friday?
The Day that Jesus was crucified
What do we celebrate on Easter Sunday?
The day Jesus rose from the dead and saved us from all sin
Who was at the Council of Jerusalem?
It was between the Pillars of the Church led by St. James and St. Paul (of Tarsus)
What was the question being discussed at the Council of Jerusalem?
It was about if new Christians needed to conform to old Jewish laws first to become a Christian. (If people needed to be Jewish before becoming a Christian)
What was the outcome of the Council of Jerusalem?
They concluded that you did not have to become Jewish before you were a Christian and that Christianity was its own religion
Who was at the Council of Nicea?
It was called by Constantine and it was between Arius and Alexander
What was being discussed at the Council of Nicea?
Arius said that God was a creature and not fully God; Alexander said that Jesus and God were of the same substance
What was the outcome of the Council of Nicea?
Jesus and God are of the same substance; they have existed throughout all time
How was St. Paul (Saul) before his conversion?
He was an influential leader in Rome, he hated Christians and had many of them executed
Describe St. Paul's conversion?
he fell off a horse, saw a light, and heard a voice say, "Why are you persecuting me?"; afterwards he went to Damascus to think about it for pretty much a bunch of months
How was St. Paul after his conversion?
He wrote many letters to many different people to preach to them; he traveled many places, some with Mark, was arrested many times for being a Christian; was eventually persecuted
Who was Constantine?
An influential leader who made Christianity legal
What was the Edict of Milan?
Declaration that declared Christianity legal and returned all stolen property
ASK ABOUT THE CHI-RO!!!!
What is the in hoc signo vinces?
translation: "in this sign you will conquer"
What is the significance of the Milvian Bridge?
Where Constantine and Maxentius fought for power and Constantine won
What is the Chi-Ro?
The sign that Constantine put on all of his shields and armor to recognize Christ
Who was St. Peter?
an apostle of Jesus that Jesus gave the keys to the Church to