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Flashcards in General Hormone Functions Deck (25)
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1

PTH

Increases serum Ca

Decreases serum Pi

2

Calcitriol

Increases serum Ca

Increases serum Pi


[increases intestinal Ca absorption, increases bone mineralization]

3

Calcitonin

Decreases serum Ca

Decreases serum Pi

4

Thyrotropin-releasing hormone

Stimulates secretion of TSH and prolactin

5

Corticotropin releasing hormone

Stimulates secretion of ACTH

6

Gonadotropin releasing hormone

Stimulates secretion of LH and FSH

7

Growth hormone releasing hormone

Stimulates release of growth hormone

8

Somatostatin

Inhibits secretion of growth hormone


[aka somatotropin release inhibiting hormone)

9

Dopamine

Inhibits secretion of prolactin

10

Thyroid stimulating hormone

Stimulates synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormones

11

Follicle stimulating hormone

Stimulates growth of ovarian follicles and estrogen secretion

Promotes sperm maturation in testes

12

Luteinizing hormone

Stimulates ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, and synthesis of estrogen and progesterone in ovary

Stimulates synthesis and secretion of testosterone (testes)

13

Growth hormone

Stimulates protein synthesis and overall growth

14

Prolactin

Stimulates milk production and breast development

15

ACTH

Stimulates synthesis and secretion of adrenal cortical hormones

16

MSH

Stimulates melanin synthesis

17

Oxytocin

Milk ejection; uterine contraction

18

ADH

Stimulates H2O reabsorption by renal collecting ducts

19

T3 and T4

Skeletal growth; increased O2 consumption, heat production, increased protein fat and carb use, maturation of nervous system perinatally

20

Glucocorticoids (Cortisol)

Stimulates gluconeogenesis; anti-inflammatory; immunosuppression

21

Estradiol

Growth and development of female reproductive organs; follicular phase of menstrual cycle

22

Testosterone

Spermatogenesis; male secondary sex characteristics

23

Aldosterone

Increases renal Na reabsorption

Increases renal K secretion

Increases renal H secretion

24

Insulin

Decreases BG

Decreases blood aa

Decreases blood FA

25

Glucagon

Increases BG

Increases blood FA