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Flashcards in First Test Deck (28)
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1

Archbishop Ussher

Said that the world was formed in 4,004 B.C (6,000 years)

2

Thomsen and Worsaae

Museum person who took the articles and categorized them by Stone, Bronze and Iron age

3

Thomas Jefferson

Pioneer in systematic excavation, accurate recording and the use of stratigraphy

4

Sir William Flinders Petrie

Pioneer in systematic excavation

5

General Lane Fox Pitt-Rivers

Pioneer in systematic excavation

6

Micael Mercati

Guessed that stone tools were human made
Director of Vatican's botanical garden

7

James Hutton & Charles Lyell

Argued that processes that shaped the world happened over prolonged periods of time

8

Jaques Boucher de Perthes

Found stone tools along the river

9

William Dugdale

Proved stone artifacts weren't made by elves

10

Jackson Ambani

Juju man in Kenya

11

John Lubbock

-Invented the idea of paleolithic and neolithic stone ages.
-He supported the theory of natural selection

12

John Frere

First to notice animal bones and stone tools were grouped in certain ages. (Stratigraphy)

13

Uniformitarianism

The earth was changed by gradual processes over time

14

Chaine Operatoire

The life of an artifact. What stages went into making it.

15

In Situ

Objects that are still at the same site

16

Provenience

3D location of artifactual find

17

Association

figure out how artifacts are related

18

Context

Evaluation of archaeological data based on both behavioral and transformational processes by considering matrix, provenience, association.

19

Earliest Lithics

Used to crush plants (2.5mya-300k)

20

Stratigraphy

The layers of sediment that hold certain artifacts in place.

21

Debitage

Debris from making lithics

22

MNI/NISP

MNI- minimum number of individuals
Nisp- Number of identifiable specimens

23

Law of Superposition

Youngest sediment is on top, oldest sediment is on the bottom.

24

Catastrophism

Earth's appearance came from Catastrophic events

25

Transformation Processes

-Cultural(war,loot,farming)
-Natural(weathering,rust, burrowing)

26

Behavioral Processes

-acquisition
-manufacture
-use
-deposition

27

Jomon

Earliest pottery (Japanese)

28

Wolff's Law

Bone in a healthy person or animal adapts to stress.