Flashcards in Final Ch. 7 Deck (70)
This is reinforced in the parallel curriculum presented by the mass media. An the message that students get--from both the content and the form of education---is that women and men are different and unequal, that the inequality comes from differences, and that therefore, such inequality is justified
Young boys struggle w/inconsistency b/w schools promotion of civility and the "warrior narrative" of masculinity.
some opponents believed that bringing women and men together would have disastrous effects on both sexes. B/c the "minds of men and women are radically diff."
some worried that education men and women together would "--------" the collegiate curriculum, watering it down by forcing the inclusion of subjects and temperaments better omitted, slowing down pace, or otherwise reducing standards that would allow women to keep up.
G. Stanely Hall did what about co-education
warned about co-education, it would take away women's femininity and it would feminineize men and would cause homo-sexuality all in all "dilute" the attraction f the opposite sex
why do we go to school?
to manifest functions (i.e. gain skills/knowledge, be a better citizen, learn how to interact, become socialized...) which are INTENDED CONSEQUENCES
Is the hidden curriculum revolutionary?
Why, the hidden curriculum?
Status quo, social order, unintended outcomes/latent functions, teaching gender inequality, stressing gender inequality, stressing culture, class differentiation funding, reinforcing stereotypes and taught not to question, differential value given to subject matter
Children start to understand what it means to be a boy/girl
Sep. kids by gender right away
Do teachers intend to treat children diff.?
Girls vs. Boys in the classroom
boys receive more positive attention than girls do inn the classroom
boys are called on more often
boys allowed to speak out of turn
boys given more practical assistance
________ outnumbered ---------- by 5:2 ratio,; there were three times as many adult male characters as adult female characters; six times as many biographies of men as of women; and four times as many male fairy tales as female.
bot-centered stories and girl-centered stories
Rosanthai and Jacobson 1968
ID scores- told teachers that showed potential and and had good scores
Students that were determined to be "sputters" on avg
had an increase of more than 12 pts on their IQ score compared to a 8 pt increase on the rest of the students
1st and 2nd graders Students that were determined to be "sputters" on avg
20 pts more
What did the Pygmalion study theory
the self-fulfilling prophecy b/c the Sputters felt more capable and intelligent and TF performed accordingly
Differential treatment: AAUW defines diff treatment in school
as a major part of declining self-esteem in girls
As ----- reach middle school ------- plumits and are valued for -------- not ----------
appearance not talents
Middle school is what kind of environment for girls
what are the outcome for girls?
not pretty, TF work on skills
victims of bullying which is a collective outcome
what is the differential treatments that boys receive and what are the outcomes of these?
What happens if boys are good in school?
struggle w/inconsistency b/w schools
the warmer narrative of masculinity
report cards are worse than girls
drop out rates are higher
there is a disconnect b/w school and masculinity
Than their masculinity is questioned
"-----" alos takes place with in a sexually hostile environment
chilly classroom climate
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance
the education act of 1972 contained ----- which abolished sex discrimination in public schools and has since been taken to mandate the women's sports be funded equally with men's (excluding football, which is extraordinarily expensive for schools to fund and which virtually no women are able to play)
The sissification of literature and life (1927)
literature is being emasculated by being written mainly for women and largely by women. Th majority of men in this country, having been co-educated by women teachers, are unaware of this
Gender disparities are both
numerical and experimental
in 1982 women began to surpass men in college, today --% of college students are female
3 women for every 2 men i community college
women have now outnumbered men in
social and behavioral science in about by 3 to 1 and make up 20% of all students in engineering and are half in biology an business
a difference that appears to be about gender but is actually about something else, in this case class or race