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Flashcards in Final Deck (55)
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1

Terrorism in the Middle East is the result of ___ ____

Historical Processes

2

the Middle East is a ___ ____

cultural concept

3

The Middle East is not an ___ ____

actual place

4

Extremists couch violence with ____

religion

5

What three men do militants cite when justifying violence?

ibn Tayymiyya, Abdul Wahhab, and Qutb

6

Terrorism is the result of cultural and religious factors interacting with what three factors?

the birth of modern Israel, completion for power within and among Arab states, and the rise of militant religious fervor

7

Iran presents a set of separate issues but where does its problems lie?

It's problems can be linked to European imperialism

8

What is the modern conflict between Israel and Palestine based on?

terrorism

9

What organization imitated Irgun by using terrorist tactics, but the movement was not united?

Fatah

10

What was Fatah's weakness

The movement was not united

11

What is Palestinian militancy characterized by?

factionalism

12

When did terrorism move to the international arena?

the 1980s

13

How many decades has terrorism remained localized?

Three

14

Currently, the three major operational terrorism groups

Hezbollah, Hamas, and al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades

15

Whose policies are controversial?

Israel

16

How do critics think Israelis react to terrorism?

They believe they overreact

17

How do defenders of Israel feel about their tactics?

They maintain strong tactics are necessary to counter terror

18

Revolutionary terrorists call for radical change in what?

either structure of government of the underlying political philosophy of governance

19

Revolutionary terrorism can be traced back to what century?

20th

20

What was the first act of revolutionary terrorism

Latin American, urban philosophy of Uruguay's Tupamaros

21

Two groups inspired by the Tupamaros

FARC and ELN

22

FARC and ELN drifted into what to survive

drug trafficking

23

what does of MeK of Iran fight for?

Political dominance

24

Maoist revolutionaries mirror the revolutionary theories of whom?

the communist takeover in China

25

Who was a pioneer Maoist group

Peru's Shining Path

26

Peru's Shining Path inspired what three groups?

Communists in Nepal, India, and Philippines

27

What is counter revolutionary terrorism frequently based on?

the formation of illegal military and police units who torture and kill suspected terrorists and their supporters

28

What are the military and police units who torture and kill suspected terrorists and their supporters known as

Death squads

29

What jihadist terror networks spawned in the late stages of the Soviet-Afghan War

al Qaeda

30

Founder of al Qaeda

Osama Bin Laden