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Flashcards in Federalism Deck (23)
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1

unitary gov't

centralized power

2

confederation

dominant power held by the states

3

10th Amendment

all powers not specifically delegated to nat'l gov't or denied to the states are reserved for states and the people

4

dual federalism, dual sovereignty

state and national gov't perform their own sphere of tasks and power

5

states' rights

infringement on states' powers by federal gov't is unconstitutional

6

which amendment supports states's rights?

10th undelegated powers are reserved to the states

7

which branch interprets spheres of government?

supreme court

8

cooperative federalism


what are areas in which cooperation is necessary?

federal and state functions are not clearly defined. cooperation is often needed in instances such as

drug enforcement
education

9

1965 Voting Rights Act

prohibits voting discrimination (literacy tests, poll taxes)

10

mandate:

official order to do something

11

condition of aid

ex:

federal rules attached to grants received by the states
21 drinking age, 55 highway limit

12

most powerful tool federal gov't has with states?

money

13

grant-in-aid

federal funding to states

14

Morrill Act of 1862

states received large tracts of land to establish agriculture

15

categorical grant

2 types

grant for a specific purpose--medicaid, food stamps,

1. project grant: awarded based on competitive applications (mainly go to individuals)
2. formula grants: go to states that qualify based on legislative requirements

16

block grant, and examples:

more general grant, for mental health, community service, mass transit, job training

still subject to federal mandates

17

Federalism under LBJ
what did he believe?
what social programs were enacted?
where did he direct more money?

the federal gov could solve society's probs

war on poverty and medicare
to cities and non governmental agencies

18

New Federalism under NIX--- objective?

ex of revenue sharing funds:

give more powa to the states

tax money returned to the states, who could decide which programs to fund

19

what mandates did Nix impose?

OSHA (occupational health and safety administration) and Clean air act

20

Federalism under Raegon. objective?

example:

give states more powa

reduce federal domestic spending
encourage states to take over programs such as food stamps and direct welfare payments

21

what did states do when federal spending was cut during Reagon years?

raised taxes
privatized services
cutting programs

22

unfunded mandate

federal requirement upon states w/ no money provided

23

how did americans view federalism in 1994?

3/4 thought fed was too powerful