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Flashcards in Federal Judicial System Deck (10)
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1

Federal judicial system is limited to:

"cases" and "controversies"

Article III, Section 2

2

What is a "case or controversy"

A real and substantial dispute
that touches the legal relations of parties with adverse interests
and can be judicially resolved

3

When does a party have standing? Party must show:

1. Injury in fact;
2. Causation; and
3. Redressability

4

What is injury in fact?

Plaintiff must show actual or imminent personal injury,
caused by the action he is challenging

5

What is causation?

∆'s conduct must have caused the injury

6

What is redressability?

The litigation, if it succeeds, must remedy the injury

OR

beneift the plaintiff

7

When can a party assert a claim for a 3rd party?

(1) The connection between plaintiff and 3rd party interest creates a special relationship
OR

(2) 3rd party is unable to bring suit

8

When can an association assert a suit for its members?

(1) Members have standing to sue to their own;
(2) the interest asserted is closely related to the association's purpose;
(3) Participation from individual members not needed

9

Political questions

Federal courts cannot hear political questions

10

What is a political question?

A matter assigned to another branch by the constitution;
or does not have a judicial answer