Exam Flashcards Preview

Counselling > Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam Deck (26)
Loading flashcards...

what is counselling ?

Counselling is a talking therapy that involves a trained therapist listening to you and helping you find ways to deal with emotional issues.
Sometimes the term "counselling" is used to refer to talking therapies in general, but counselling is also a type of therapy in its own right


what is a counselling skill ?

Talulah gets upset with how tough her first year at college is going. Her teacher takes her aside and listens to her concerns, letting her do the talking. When finished, the teacher asks Talulah what she thinks the best course of action is. Talulah decides for herself what she will do.
This is not helping behaviour. It is also not counselling as the teacher is not a trained professional. Instead it is an individual displaying counselling skills.


what are the codes of framework?

Guides counsellors into follow a set of guidance within this framework
The framework can be broken down into three parts
What counselling aims to be (its values)
What counselling aims to provide (its ethical principles)
What the counsellor should possess (their moral principles)


state some values in counselling?

Respecting human rights and dignity
Protecting the safety of clients
Ensuring the integrity of practitioner-client relationships
Enhancing the quality of professional knowledge
Alleviating personal distress and suffering
Fostering a sense of self that is meaningful to the client
Increasing personal effectiveness
Enhancing the quality of relationships between people
Appreciating the variety of human experience and culture
Striving for the fair and adequate provision of counselling


Explain being trustworthy?

Being trustworthy – honouring the trust placed in the practitioner


Explain autonomy ?

Autonomy – respect for the client's right to be self-governing


Explain benfiences?

Beneficence – a commitment to promoting client well-being


Explain non-maleficence?

Non-maleficence – a commitment to avoiding harm to the client


explain justice?

Justice – the fair and impartial treatment of all clients


Explain self-respect ?

Self-respect – fostering the clients self-knowledge, integrity and care for self


what skills do counsellors need? (7)

Active Listening
Accurate Reflection of Content and Feeling
Matching/Mirroring – linked with non-verbal gestures
Open Questions
Congruence – matching what you’re saying to how you’re communicating


what is confidentiality ?

Confidentiality is the concept of keeping clients personal details and experiences private and out of reach of unauthorised individuals or groups.
A counsellor must gain the clients permission first if they are to discuss the case with their Supervisor.
A therapeutic client who knows that personal, private and intimate information he/she shares with a counsellor or psychotherapist is held in confidence is more likely to feel at ease about self-disclosure.
The client will also feel more able to trust their counsellor, and will want to open up and discuss their issues, concerns and difficulties more readily.
Without this level of patient confidentiality the client-counsellor relationship has no firm foundation.
If details are kept on a computer, this must be completely secure and not easily accessible to unauthorised individuals.
If it is offline, a counsellor should have a secure filing cabinet that only he/she has access to.
If notes are taken, efforts must be made to not include any identifiable
characteristics like a name or address.
Essentially, creating a sense of confidentiality will foster trust in the relationship which is crucial for the client to make honest disclosures.


what is the role of a supervisor ?

Support,guidance and feedback to counsellors who work with client
Moe objective view
Allows reflection


What is empathy?

Empathy: the ability to communicate understanding of another person’s experience from that person’s perspective.


what is sincerity?

Sincerity: a personal commitment to consistency between what is professed and what is done.


what is integratie?

Integrity: commitment to being moral in dealings with others, personal straightforwardness, honesty and coherence.


what is resilience ?

Resilience: the capacity to work with the client’s concerns without being personally diminished.


what is respect?

Respect: showing appropriate esteem to others and their understanding of themselves.


what is humility?

Humility: the ability to assess accurately and acknowledge one’s own strengths and weaknesses.


what is competence?

Competence: the effective deployment of the skills and knowledge needed to do what is required


what is fairness?

Fairness: the consistent application of appropriate criteria to inform decisions and actions.


what is wisdom?

Wisdom: possession of sound judgement that informs practice.


what is care?

Care: benevolent, responsible and competent attentiveness to someone’s needs, wellbeing and personal agency.


what is courage?

Courage: the capacity to act in spite of known fears, risks and uncertainty.


what is diligence?

Diligence: the conscientious deployment of the skills and knowledge needed to achieve a beneficial outcome.


what is diligence?

Diligence: the conscientious deployment of the skills and knowledge needed to achieve a beneficial outcome.