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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (25)
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1

What are the goals of rhythmic initiation

initiate motion
learn a motion
change rate of a motion
relaxation

2

What are the goals of combination of isotonics

increase coordination and control
learn a motion
increase strength
increase stability

3

What are the goals of dynamic reversals

change rate of motion
increase coordination and control
increase endurance
increase ROM
increase strength

4

What are the goals of repeated stretch

initiate motion
learn a motion
change rate of a motion
increase coordination and control
increase endurance
increase ROM
increase strength

5

What are the goals of stabilizing reversals

increase coordination and control
increase endurance
increase ROM
increase stability
increase strength

6

What are the goals of rhythmic stabilzation

increase coordination and control
increase endurance
relaxation
decrease pain
increase ROM
increase stability
increase strength

7

What are the goals of hold-relax

decrease pain
relaxation
increase ROM

8

what muscles are activated for scapula anterior elevation

levator scapula, rhomboids, serratus ant, upper trap

9

what muscles are activated for scapula posterior depression

serratus ant (lower) rhomboids, lats, lower trap

10

what muscles are activated for scapula posterior elevation

traps
levator scapula

11

what muscles are activated for scapula anterior depression

rhomboids
serratus anterior
pec minor and major

12

what muscles are activated for pelvis anterior elevation

internal and external obliques

13

what muscles are activated for pelvis posterior depression

contralateral internal and external obliques

14

what muscles are activated for pelvis posterior elevation

ipsilateral quadratus lumborum
lats
ilicostalis lumborum
longissmus thoracis

15

what muscles are activated for pelvic anterior depression

contralateral quadtratus lumborum
iliocostalis lumborum
longissmus thoracis

16

what is the scapula pattern for D1 UE flexion and extension

flexion= anterior elevation
extension= posterior depression

17

what is the pelvic pattern for D1 LE flexion and extension

flexion= anterior elevation
extension= posterior depression

18

what is the scapula pattern for D2 UE flexion and extension

flexion=posterior elevation
extension=anterior depression

19

what is the pelvic pattern for D2 LE flexion and extension

flexion=posterior elevation
extension=anterior depression

20

What is the UE flexor synergy

-retraction/ elevation of the shoulder girdle
-external rotation of the shoulder
-abduction of the shoulder to 90
-elbow flexion (dominant component)
-full range supination of forearm

21

What is the UE extensor synergy

-fixation of the shoulder in the protracted position
-internal rotation and adduction of shoulder (dominant component)
-extension of the elbow
-full range pronation of the forearm

22

What is the LE flexor synergy

-hip flexion (dominant component)
-abduction and ER of the hip
-knee flexion to 90
-dorsiflexion and inversion of the ankle
-dorsiflexion of the toes

23

What is the LE extensor synergy

-hip extension
-adduction of the hip (dominant component)
-internal rotation of the hip
-knee extension (dominant component)
-plantarflexion of the ankle (dominant component)
-ankle inversion
-plantarflexion of the toes

24

what is the dominant synergy for the UE

flexor synergy

25

what is the dominant synergy for the LE

extensor synergy