Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

Digital Tech > Exam 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (55)
Loading flashcards...
1

refers to any computer based tool that people use to work with information and to support the information and information- processing needs of an organization

information technology (IT)

2

collects,processes,stores, analyzes and disseminates information for a specific purpose.

Information systems (IS)

3

a person who is knowledgable about information systems and information technology

informed user

4

refer to an elementary description of things, events activities, and transactions that are recorded, classified, and stored, but are not organized to convey an specific meaning

Data items
Examples: numbers, letters, figures, sounds and images

5

refers to the data that have been organized so that they have meaning and value to the recipient

information
example: GPA by itself is data, but a students GPA paired with their name is information

6

consists of data and or information that have been organized and processed to convey understanding experience, accumulated learning, and expertise as they apply to a current business problem

Knowledge
Example: A company has found that students with a GPA higher than a 3.0 tend excel in the management program. based on that knowledge the company may only choose to interview the students with GPAs 3.0 or above.

7

an information system that uses computer technology to perform some or all of its intended tasks

Computer-based information system (IS)

8

consists of devices such as the processor, monitor, keyboard, and printer. together, these devices accept , process and display data and information

Hardware

9

a program or collection of programs that enable the hardware to process data

software

10

a collection of related files or tables containing data

database

11

a connecting system (wireline or wireless) that permits different computers to share resources

Network

12

the instructions for combining information technology components (hardware, software, database, and network) to process information and generate the desired output

procedures

13

(IT) components of hardware, software, networks,and databases form...

information technology (IT)platform

14

(IT) personnel use components to develop information systems, oversee security and risk, and manage data

information technology(IT) services

15

a computer program designed to support a specific task or business process

Application (or App)
- the HR department sometimes uses one application for screening job applicants and another application for monitoring employee turnover

16

each department or functional area within an organization has its own collection of applications or information systems.

Functional area information system (FAIS)
Examples: accounting IS, marketing IS, finance IS and Human resources IS

17

designed to correct lack of communication among the functional are IS

Enterprise resource planning (ERP)

18

supports the monitoring, collection, storage, and processing of data from the organizations basic business transactions, each of which generate data

transaction processing system (TPS)
Example: when you are checking out at Walmart a transaction occurs every time the cashier swipes an item across the bar code reader.

19

information system that connects 2 or more organizations

inter organizational information systems (IOS)

20

the flow of materials, information, money, and services from suppliers of raw materials through factories and warehouses to the end customers

supply chain

21

professional employees that are experts in a particular subject area

knowledge workers
Examples; lawyer, accountant

22

any asset that provide an organization with an edge against its competitors in some measure such as cost, quantity, or speed.

competitive advantage

23

the combination of social, legal, economic, physical, and political factors in which business conduct their operations.

business environment

24

generated by the global economy, intense competition, the changing nature of the workforce and powerful customers

Market pressures

25

integration and interdependence of economic, social, cultural and ecological facets of life made possible by rapid advance in IT

Globalization

26

social issues that affect businesses and individuals

individual or organizational social responsibility

27

strategy of making or producing customized products and services

Made-to-order

28

when a company produces a large amount of items but them customizes them to match the needs of the individual customer

mass customization

29

helps organizations implement strategic goals and improve performance and productivity
- any IS that helps a company achieve a competitive edge

strategic information systems (SISs)

30

a sequence of activities through which an organizations inputs, are transformed into more valuable outputs

value chain