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Flashcards in Ethernet Basics Deck (46)
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1

What is a network technology standard based on a bud topology?

Ethernet

2

The ____ committee defines wired network standards that share the same basic frame type and network access method.

802.3

3

What 802.3 standard is the following?

10Mbps Ethernet using twisted pair cabling

802.3i

4

What 802.3 standard is the following?

Gigabit Ethernet over twisted pair

802.3ab

5

What 802.3 standard is the following?

25 Gigabit Ethernet over fiber

802.3by

6

All network technologies break data transmitted between computers into smaller pieces called ____.

Frames

7

What is the bus cable to which the computers on an Ethernet network connect?

Segment

8

The MAC address of the frame’s recipient is the ___.

Destination

9

The MAC address of the sending system is the ___.

Source

10

Transmission of a frame starts with a ____.

Preamble

11

What is a 7-byte series of alternating ones and zeros?

Preamble

12

What are special 48-bit(6-byte) binary addresses?

MAC addresses

13

What is the minimum Ethernet frame size?

64 bytes

14

If an Ethernet frame has fewer than 64 bytes of data to haul, the sending NIC will automatically ___ extra data.

Add

15

What enables Ethernet nodes to recognize when bad things happen to good data?

Frame check sequence (FCS)

16

What interprets the ones and zeros coming in from one port and repeats the same signal out to the other connected ports?

Repeater

17

____ means that the cable only carries one type of signal.

Baseband

18

____ means the cable carries multiple signals or channels.

Broadband

19

An Ethernet LAN designed to run on UTP cabling that runs at 10 Mbps and uses baseband signaling is called ___.

10BaseT

20

NICs that can communicate in only one direction at a time run in ____ mode.

Half-duplex

21

NICs that send and receive at the same time run in ____ mode.

Full-duplex

22

The act of installing a crimp o ton one end of a piece of UTP cable is called ___.

Crimping

23

The tool used to secure a crimp onto the end of a cable is a ____.

Crimper

24

____ means that all machines have equal access to the wire.

Multiple access

25

A group of nodes that have the capability of sending frames at the same time as each other, resulting in collisions is called ___.

Collision domain

26

What acts like a repeater to connect two networks and filters and forwards traffic between those segments based on the MAC addresses of the computers on those segments?

Bridge

27

What is a table of MAC addresses of each connected computer?

Source address table (SAT)

28

A Layer 2 multi port device that filters and forwards frames based on MAC addresses is called a ___.

Switch

29

What is a port on a switch that enables you to connect two switches together using a straight-through cable?

Uplink port

30

What are cables used to connect hosts to switches and are the connective opposite of crossover cables?

Straight-through cable