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What is culture?

Shared pattern of values and behaviours shared over time to guide the decisions and actions of a group.

1

What is Enculturation?

Childhood culture socialization.

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What is Acculturation?

Adopting and adapting to characteristics, a new culture.

3

What is Assimilation?

Minority group adopts attitudes and customs of mainstream culture.

4

What is Multiculturalism?

Many cultures existing within a society.

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What is Cultural Competency?

Ongoing process of growth and development.

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What is Invisible culture?

Less observable

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What is Collectivism?

Focus on family or the group.

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What is Health?

The balance of the person, both within one's being--physical, mental, and spiritual.

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What is Allopathic?

- Modern care
- Conventional care

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What is Homeopathic?

- Traditional
- Folk

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What is aromatherapy?

Ancient science that uses essential plant oils to produce strong, physical and emotional effects in the body

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What is hypnotherapy?

The use of hypnosis to stimulate emotions and control involuntary responses such as blood pressure

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What is ayurvedic?

Four thousand-year-old method of healing originating in India.

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What is Qi gong?

Form of Chinese traditional medicine. It combines movement, meditation, and regulation of breathing.

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What is santeria?

A syncretic religion comprising both African and Catholic beliefs.

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What is voodoo?

A religion that is a combination of Christianity and African Yoruba religious beliefs.

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What is culture in the end-of-life?

Shapes values, beliefs, and practices. Is intensified by death.

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What are attitudes in the end-of-life?

Come from parents, grandparents, education and socio-economic status, religion.

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What are health care providers in the end-of-life care?

Must have knowledge to provide culturally competent end of life and palliative care.

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Strong feelings exist related to:

- Decision making (family, physician)
- Diagnosis (truth telling)
- Perceptions (suffering)
- Organ donation

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What is Deaf Culture?

Status within the culture does not depend on the level of hearing loss, but the attitude towards it.

22

What is illness?

Imbalance of one's being-- physical, mental, and spiritual

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What is pain?

A universal human experience. However, there is a difference in how it is:
- Perceived
- Interpreted
- Treated

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What is threshold?

The level where a client describes as painful.

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What is tolerance?

Greatest level of pain

26

Define bilingual.

Can speak 2 languages.

27

Define bilingualism.

In Canada refers to English/French.

28

Define translation.

Generally refers to written communication b/c translators deal with words written.

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Define Interpretation.

Involves the spoken word and refers to the process of verbal interaction between people who speak two different languages.