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Flashcards in Consitution Deck (76)
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1

The 8th amendment considers torture to be ….

Cruel and unusual

2

Definition of veto override:

passing a bill by a 2/3 vote in both houses of Congress overrides (cancels) a President’s veto and a bill becomes a law despite the President’s disapproval

3

What does the 2nd amendment guarantee

right to bear arms

4

informal qualifications for pres

Foreign policy sending troops without declaration of war

5

What was the result of the Connecticut Compromise?

2 houses in congress one based on population and the other based on equal representation for all states

6

What does the 3rd amendment prohibit?

quatering of soldiers

7

qualifictaions for pres.

35 years of age, a resident "within the United States" for 14 years, and a "natural born Citizen,"

8

everyday roles of pres

(1) chief of state, (2) chief executive, (3) chief administrator, (4) chief diplomat, (5) commander in chief, (6) chief legislator, (7) party chief, and (8) chief citizen

9

domestic tranquility

In response to Shays Rebellion and interstate conflicts over trade and crime
Provides the fed. Govt. with the authority to preserve the peace

10

List the qualifications of the H.R.

at least 25, been a US citizen for the last 7 years, be a citizen of the state they represent

11

Who has power to declare war (which branch)

congress

12

who are our PA senators?

Bob Casey, Jr. and Pat Toomey

13

# of articles and # of amendments

7
27

14

expressed powers of pres pt 2)

- Deliver a "State of the Union" report (message).
- Convene a special session of Congress
- Receive foreign ambassadors
- Propose legislation (necessary and expedient)
- Carry out the laws passed by Congress

15

qualifications for senator?

at least 30 U.S. citizenship (at least nine years); and residency in the state a senator represents at time of election.

16

What are the differences between the Constitution and the Articles of Confederation?

-The AOC called for unicameral and the Constitution called for bicameral
-AOC called for one vote per state and the constitution called for one vote per representative/senate
-aoc had 2-7 senators and con. had 2 reps from each state

17

What is the line of succession?

The succession follows the order of Vice President, Speaker of the House of Representatives, President pro tempore of the Senate, and then the heads of federal executive departments who form the Cabinet of the United States.

18

6 principles of consitution

Popular sovereignty
limited govt
federalism
seperation of powers
checks and balances
republicinism

19

List the expressed powers of congress.

Article I, section 8, clause 3
Regulate trade with other nations between states
Allows the laws to keep pace with technological and economical changes
( borrow money coin money tax make laws and make war )

20

federalism

Power shared between federal and state governments
Powers of the fed. Govt are clearly stated in article I section 10
Powers reserved to the states are found in article I in the 10th amendment

21

how is an amendment ratified?

by 3/4 of the state legislatures.

22

How many members are in the House of Representatives?

435

23

What was the Constitutional Convention?

-1787, Philadelphia, to revise the Articles of Confederation
-James Madison was the father of the Constitution

24

which amendment gave black men the right to vote?

15

25

promote generalwelfare

Provide for the well-being of all the people by collecting taxes and setting aside money for programs to benefit security

26

Which amendment protects a person from unlawful search and seizure?

4th

27

expressed powers of pres (pt 3)

veto

28

How is the number of congressional representatives from each state determined?

under article 1 section 2
Population

29

How often a census must be taken, and how the information collected is used:

Census is taken every 10 years
Information determines representation in the House (which is based on population), helps in allocation of federal funds to the states, tracks population shifts over time; it is NOT used to locate and deport illegal immigrants

30

Currently, how many PA representatives serve?

18