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Flashcards in Classical Mythology Terms Deck (53)
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1

Adonis

An extremely handsome youth who had died and was reborn. His resurrection is associated with the cycle of the seasons.

2

Aeneas

A defender of Troy, who led his followers to modern day Italy and founded Rome. He is alluded to for his respect for the Gods which earned him their protection.

3

Antigone

Because of her duty to her brother, she had buried Polynices and was punished because he was considered a traitor. To avoid death for her actions, she had been sealed alive in a cave with food and water. In literature, there are two interpretations to this story,where she either hangs herself in the cave or she receives the approval of the people for burying Polynices.

4

Ares/Mars

God of war in Greek and roman mythology. He usually represents the physical and violent untamed aspect of war.

5

Argus

A giant with 100 eyes who was slain by Hermes after all of the eyes went to sleep. Important for being all-seeing.

6

Athena/Minerva

Goddess of wisdom. Known for springing full grown from Zeus' brain and being a companion of heroes.

7

Atlas

A Titan, who after he lost the war against Zeus, was condemned to stand forever and hold the heavens. Alluded to for his strength.

8

Augean stables

Augeas made Heracles clean these stables which was a humiliating assignment that backfired, because he re routed the rivers to wash out the dung. He promised Heracles 1/10 of his cattle, but didn't give them up so had been killed by Heracles. Is used in literature to describe a difficult, unpleasant job.

9

Bacchus/Dionysus

The God of wine, wherever they go a party erupts. Alluded to for his inspiration in Greek culture and for being an example of a dying God.

10

Hiawatha

The co-founder of the Iroquois confederacy, who had been an orator and banded together the five tribes into the confederacy. Alluded to for bringing peace to the tribes (Hiawatha belt is the tree of peace).

11

Judgement of Paris

One of the events that lead up to the Trojan war. Judged the beauty of different goddesses as a mortal.

12

Jupiter/Zeus

Supreme leader of the gods, god of the sky. He led the Olympian gods in a war against the Titans.

13

Laocoon

A seer and priest of the God Apollo. He is known for warning the Trojans of the Greeks present. He was ignored and the Greeks invaded with the wooden horse.

14

Leda

Zeus had seduced her by being disguised as a swan and had children with her. Leda and the swan is a popular motif in Renaissance times.

15

Midas

Legendary king of phyrgia, had released Silenus so that anything he touched turned into gold.

16

Nemesis

The spirit of divine retribution against those who succumb to hubris. Known for being inescapable.

17

Odin

Ruler of Aesir, a group of deities. Plays a central role in the creation and destruction of the world.

18

Cassandra

The most beautiful of priam's daughters, who tricked Apollo into giving her the gift of prophecy telling, who then made her cursed by being ignored. Her family thoughts she was insane and no one would believe her.

19

Cerberus

Three headed dog that guarded the entrance to the underworld, who could turn any person who saw him into stone. Allude to for having a fearsome appearance.

20

Ceres/Demeter

Goddess of the harvest, a central figure of the eleusinian mysteries that predated the Olympian pantheon.

21

Chimera

A fire breathing hybrid creature of Lycia in Asia Minor. The term is used to describe any fictional or mythical animal with parts from multiple animals that are wildly imaginative.

22

Circe

Lived on the island aeaea, where she built herself a palace and practiced spells that let her turn men into animals. She had given Odysseus and his men advice on how to return home.

23

Daedalus

A skilled craftsman and inventor who built the labyrinth on Crete. Also built the wings that let his son escape Crete. His name means clever.

24

Damocles

Had been given the chance to live as a king, but had a sword hang over him by a single thread. This sword symbolizes imminent danger.

25

Delphic oracle

A priestess who gave prophecies that came from the inspiration of Apollo. She is alluded to for her wisdom and prophecy telling that would guide the Greek people.

26

Electra

She helped her brother Orestes plan the murder of Clytemnestra and Aegisthus to avenge their father's death.

27

Pan

God of nature, name means to pasture. He is associated with a mother goddess in literature.

28

Pandora's box

Pandora had opened this jar, which had let out all evil into the world. When she closed it, it symbolizes hope and can be used to mean that an action that may seem innocent can lead to dire consequences.

29

Paris

A young prince who eloped with the most beautiful woman in the world and caused the Trojan war. He had been destined for disaster since birth.

30

Parnassus

A mountain sacred to Apollo and home of the muses. Is known as the home of poetry.