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PHI 114: Rel Test 4: Christianity > Christianity > Flashcards

Flashcards in Christianity Deck (95)
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1

The Eastern Orthodox struggle over the removal images of Jesus and the Saints from churches was called the _______________.

Iconoclastic Controversy

2

The religious movement that believed this world is evil due to its materiality was called __________________.

Gnosticism

3

The building used for worship among many Christians, derived from the Roman courts, is called a(n) _______________.

basilica

4

The movement for greater cooperation and understanding among Christian Churches is called _________________________.

Ecumenism

5

The legal system that codifies ethical, organizational, and other matters in the Roman Catholic Church is called _________________________.

Canon Law

6

_________________________ was the Roman Emperor whose toleration of Christianity in the year 312 ushered in a new era for Christianity.

Constantine

7

The term for Christian worship that translates into "work of the people" is _________________.

Liturgy

8

The movement for more understanding and cooperation between Christian denominations is called
a. The Creed b. Liberation Theology
c. Fundamentalist d. Ecumenism

d. Ecumenism

9

The term "Gospel" is most often translated as
a. Martyrdom
b. "Good News"
c. The doctrine of the Virgin Birth
d. Cooperation among Christian Churches

b. "Good News"

10

10. Members of the new monastic orders were called
a. monestaries
b. martyrs
c. friars
d. icons

c. friars

11

The Trinity refers to
a. the concept of God in three distinct persons.
b. the need for a "born again" experience.
c. the modern papacy.
d. the first three commandments.

a. the concept of God in three distinct persons.

12

The internal organized opposition to official church doctrine was characterized as
a. heresy
b. gnostic
c. iconoclasm
d. mosaic

a. heresy

13

The modern movement that seeks to spread the Gospel and encourage conversion is called
a. Ecumensim b. Communion
c. Evangelicalism d. Heresy

c. Evangelicalism

14

The term "catechumen" refers to
a. The destruction of religious icons.
b. transformation of the communion host.
c. An individual preparing for baptism.
d. The cooperation among Christian churches.

c. An individual preparing for baptism.

15

The movement that stresses the active Christian opposition to evil social structures and institutions is called
a. Iconoclasm b. Liberation Theology
c. The Cult of the Saints d. Theotokos

C. The Cult of the Saint

16

The teaching that the Virgin Mary is the "mother/bearer of God" is called
a. Iconoclasm b. Ecumenism
c. Theotokos d. Canonical

c. Theotokos

17

Monasticism refers to
a. Monks and nuns living in community.
b. An individual devotion to the teachings of Christ.
c. The Roman pagan religion.
d. The destruction of religious icons by Rome.

a. Monks and nuns living in community.

18

The Latin Cross with the body of Jesus on it is known as a/an
a. iconostasis
b. ichthus
c. crucifix
d. martyr

c. crucifix

19

The term "martyrdom" refers to
a. feeling of guilt associated with sin.
b. Roman conversions to Christianity
c. the death of Christians for their faith
d. critical depictions of Christianity

c. the death of Christians for their faith

20

The term "anabaptist" literally means
a. "magistrate"
b. "rebaptizer"
c. "reformer"
d. "heretic"

b. "rebaptizer"

21

Two distinct theological "schools" dominated the ancient church
a. the status of Jesus founded on his humanity.
b. the Trinitarian Heresy.
c. the status of Jesus rooted primarily in His divinity.
d. the divinity of all believers.

a. the status of Jesus founded on his humanity.
c. the status of Jesus rooted primarily in His divinity.

22

Anabaptists believed
a. that only adults who have had a conversion experience should be baptized.
b. government and the church should be intertwined.
c. in a strict moral code for church members.
d. in pacifism and refusal to go to war.

a. that only adults who have had a conversion experience should be baptized.
c. in a strict moral code for church members.
d. in pacifism and refusal to go to war.

23

The Nicene Creed affirmed
a. belief in the Trinity.
b. belief in the incarnation of Jesus.
c. the distinction between Protestant and Catholic churches.
d. eventual return and judgement by Jesus.

a. belief in the Trinity.
b. belief in the incarnation of Jesus.
d. eventual return and judgement by Jesus.

24

The "canonical" Gospels include
a. Matthew b. Luke
c. Thomas d. Paul

a. Matthew
b. Luke

25

Among the seven sacraments of the Catholic Church are
a. Annulment b. Ordination
c. Ex Opre Operato d. Confirmation

b. Ordination
d. Confirmation

26

The Second Vatican Council
a. recognized the role of the laity.
b. had altars moved away for the wall and had priests face the congregation.
c. closed off communication and cooperation with other Christian churches.
d. advocated tolerance of non-Christian faiths.

a. recognized the role of the laity.
b. had altars moved away for the wall and had priests face the congregation.
d. advocated tolerance of non-Christian faiths.

27

The 16th century reformer, Martin Luther, advocated
a. the sole authority of the Bible over the Church.
b. opposition to all secular authority.
c. teaching the salvation was through faith alone.
d. ending the trading of indulgences for money.

a. the sole authority of the Bible over the Church.
c. teaching the salvation was through faith alone.
d. ending the trading of indulgences for money.

28

What does the term transubstantiation refer to?

The belief that the bread and wine are transformed in all but appearance into the substance of Christ's body.

29

The informal symbol of Christianity, the fish, connects to what event in Jesus' ministry, and to what Greek word?

29. It is connected to the multiplication of the loaves and fishes, and the Greek word for fish, ishthus, an acronym for "Jesus Christ, God's Son, Savior."

30

What are "indulgences," the selling of which Martin Luther opposed?

. Certificates securing the forgiveness of punishment in the next world.