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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Terms Deck (53)
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1

Name for the landmass that contains the continents of Europe and Asia.

Eurasia

2

Chalk hills that can't support trees, but they have plenty of grass for grazing

Downs

3

24 standard zones that roughly follow meridians.

time zones

4

An imaginary line in the Pacific Ocean where time on the east side is one day behind time on the west side.

International date line

5

Formed in 1931 to facilitate the conversion of the British Empire into an association of free and equal countries. Today it includes over 50 countries and about 30% of the world's population.

The Commonwealth of Nations.

6

A wasteland on a high, treeless plateau. The land cannot be cultivated. Fields of heather are common.

moors

7

Narrow valleys carved by glaciers.

glen

8

Deep narrow lake carved by glaciers.

loch

9

Freshwater lake in Ireland

lough

10

Long narrow bays carved by glaciers and filled with sea water

fjord

11

An organization of 27 countries seeking to form a single European community that can compete on the world stage economically and politically. Each country in this organization relinquishes some of its sovereignty when it joins.

European Union (EU)

12

Strong walls of sone and earth used to hold back fresh or sea water.

dikes

13

Parcel of land reclaimed from the sea.

polder

14

Breaking down of barriers between religions.

ecumenism

15

Leading international voice of the ecumenical movement headquartered in Amsterdam.

World Council of Churches

16

Organization formed after WWII to counter threat of Soviet aggression into Western Europe.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

17

A country ruled by a duke.

duchy

18

A major group in what is broadly defined a Christianity. Finds its roots in the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century.

Protestantism

19

Fine grained soil deposited by wind in Germany.

loess

20

A warm dry wind which blow across the Swiss Plateau from the Alps.

foehn

21

Self governing districts within Switzerland which were originally Catholic church districts.

cantons

22

Largest religion in the world with over 1 billion members. Founded in Rome, a portion of it's name means "world wide". It holds that tradition is equal to the scriptures and that salvation is obtained by grace through 7 sacraments and other meritorious works. It's leader is Christ's representative on earth.

Roman Catholicism

23

Religious organization that broke from Rome in 1054. They differ with Rome on the authority of the pope, dates for Easter and the ability of clergy to marry. It also holds that man is born basically good and rejects salvation by grace alone.

Eastern Orthodoxy

24

Largest division of the United Kingdom

England

25

The largest city on the Thames River in England

London

26

Occupies a broad peninsula on the western side of England. Has a wet/mild climate but less than 10% of the land is arable. Has it's own language.

Wales

27

Lies to the north of England. It's inhabitants descended from the Celt and they have preserved their own culture.

Scotland.

28

On the island of Ireland, first populated by Protestants from Britain in the early 17th century.

Northern Ireland (Ulster)

29

A radical, terrorist, catholic group desiring reunification of Northern Ireland with Ireland.

Irish Republican Army

30

Region comprised of five countries, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark and Iceland.

Scandinavia