Flashcards in Chapter 5 Terms Deck (53)
Name for the landmass that contains the continents of Europe and Asia.
Chalk hills that can't support trees, but they have plenty of grass for grazing
24 standard zones that roughly follow meridians.
An imaginary line in the Pacific Ocean where time on the east side is one day behind time on the west side.
International date line
Formed in 1931 to facilitate the conversion of the British Empire into an association of free and equal countries. Today it includes over 50 countries and about 30% of the world's population.
The Commonwealth of Nations.
A wasteland on a high, treeless plateau. The land cannot be cultivated. Fields of heather are common.
Narrow valleys carved by glaciers.
Deep narrow lake carved by glaciers.
Freshwater lake in Ireland
Long narrow bays carved by glaciers and filled with sea water
An organization of 27 countries seeking to form a single European community that can compete on the world stage economically and politically. Each country in this organization relinquishes some of its sovereignty when it joins.
European Union (EU)
Strong walls of sone and earth used to hold back fresh or sea water.
Parcel of land reclaimed from the sea.
Breaking down of barriers between religions.
Leading international voice of the ecumenical movement headquartered in Amsterdam.
World Council of Churches
Organization formed after WWII to counter threat of Soviet aggression into Western Europe.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
A country ruled by a duke.
A major group in what is broadly defined a Christianity. Finds its roots in the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century.
Fine grained soil deposited by wind in Germany.
A warm dry wind which blow across the Swiss Plateau from the Alps.
Self governing districts within Switzerland which were originally Catholic church districts.
Largest religion in the world with over 1 billion members. Founded in Rome, a portion of it's name means "world wide". It holds that tradition is equal to the scriptures and that salvation is obtained by grace through 7 sacraments and other meritorious works. It's leader is Christ's representative on earth.
Religious organization that broke from Rome in 1054. They differ with Rome on the authority of the pope, dates for Easter and the ability of clergy to marry. It also holds that man is born basically good and rejects salvation by grace alone.
Largest division of the United Kingdom
The largest city on the Thames River in England
Occupies a broad peninsula on the western side of England. Has a wet/mild climate but less than 10% of the land is arable. Has it's own language.
Lies to the north of England. It's inhabitants descended from the Celt and they have preserved their own culture.
On the island of Ireland, first populated by Protestants from Britain in the early 17th century.
Northern Ireland (Ulster)
A radical, terrorist, catholic group desiring reunification of Northern Ireland with Ireland.
Irish Republican Army