Ch 6 Anatomy And Physiology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 6 Anatomy And Physiology Deck (76)
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1

Acetabulum

The pelvic socket into which the ball at the proximal end of the femur fits to form the hip joint.

2

Acromioclavicular Jiont

The joint where the acrimony and the clavicle meets.

3

Alveoli

The microscopic sacs of the lungs where gas exchange with the bloodstream takes place.

4

Anatomy

The study of body structure.

5

Aorta

The largest artery in the body. It transports blood from the left ventricle to begin systemic circulation.

6

Appendix

A small tube located near the junction of the small and large intestines in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen, the function of which is not well understood.

7

Arteriole

The smallest kind of artery.

8

Artery

Any blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart.

9

Atria

The two upper chambers of the heart, which receives unoxygenated blood returning from the lungs.

10

Automaticity

The ability of the heart to generate and conduct electrical impulses on its own.

11

Autonomic

The division of the peripheral nervous system that controls involuntary motor functions.

12

Bladder

The round sac-like organ of the renal system used as a reservoir for urine.

13

Blood Pressure

The pressure caused by blood exerting force against the walls of blood vessels. Usually arterial blood pressure is measure.

14

Brachial Artery

Artery of the upper arm; the site of the pulse checked during infant CPR.

15

Bronchi

The two large sets of branches that come off the trachea and enter the lungs.

16

Calcaneus

The heel bone.

17

Capillary

A thin-walled, microscopic blood vessel where the oxygen/carbon dioxide and nutrient/waste exchange with the body's cells take place.

18

Cardiac Conduction System

A system of specialized muscle tissue that conducts electrical impulses that stimulate the heart to beat.

19

Cardiac Muscle

Specialized involuntary muscle found only in the heart.

20

Cardiovascular System

The system made up of the heart and blood vessels. Sometimes called the circulatory system.

21

Carotid

The large neck arteries, one on each side of the neck, that carry blood from the heart to the head.

22

Carpals

The wrist bones

23

Central Nervous System

The brain and spinal cord.

24

Central Pulses

The carotid and femoral pulses, which can be felt in the central part of the body.

25

Clavicle

The collarbone

26

Coronary

Blood vessels that supply the muscle of the heart (myocardium).

27

Cranium

The top, back , and sides of the skull.

28

Cricoid Cartilage

The ring-shaped structure that forms the lower portion of the larynx.

29

Dermis

The inner (second) layer of skin, rich in blood vessels and nerves, found beneath the epidermis.

30

Diaphragm

The muscular structure that divides the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity. A major muscle of respiration.