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Flashcards in Business Year 11 Deck (147)
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1

What is Mechanisation

When machinery is used, but labour is still required to work the machinery.

2

Example of Mechanisation

A combine harvester requiring a driver

3

What is Automation

When machinery is used and is controlled by a computer.

4

Example of automation

Amazon warehouse robots

5

Advantages of using technology on a production line

- Large amounts can be made (economies of scale)
- Productivity (output) of the business increases
- Quality increases as there are less mistakes (more consistency), lowering costs and increasing customer satisfaction
- Better for repetitive or dangerous jobs
- Production can be flexible/varied

6

Disadvantages of using technology

- Redundancy may lead to problems with unions
- Staff need to be retrained for new skills or new staff are required
- Expensive initial costs
- Faults in systems can cause large disruptions

7

Job production definition

Involves producing each product individually

8

Examples of job production

Custom Bentley
Oscar dress
Bridge

9

Advantages of job production

-Higher quality as more time and money invested
-Workers more motivated as it is not repetitive

10

Disadvantages of job production

-cost of production is higher
-labour costs higher due to skilled workers

11

Batch production definition

When there are set stages of production. One process has to be completed before the next starts. Each batch goes through the same processes but batches slightly differ from one another.

12

Example of batch production

Bread

13

Advantages of batch production

-different demands can be met by making batches different
-can use machinery to save costs
-can produce large quantities

14

Disadvantages of batch production

-Demotivated workers due to repetitive tasks
- down time between stages/batches
- less economies of scale as materials change

15

Flow production definition

Continuous movement of items through the production processes

16

Advantages of flow production

-produce on mass
-economies of scale

17

Disadvantages of flow production

-whole production line stops if one thing breaks

18

Process production definition

Involves a series of automated processes, which when applied to a variety of raw materials results in a large quantity of finished product

19

Examples of process production

Turning crude oil into petrol

20

Example of flow production

Viennetta Ice-cream
Cars

21

Advantages of process production

-large amounts can be made
-most processes can be automated, keeping costs low

22

Disadvantages of process production

-expensive to set up an automated process system of production

23

Division of labour definition

To organisation of production into a number of specialised ‘simple’ repetitive processes

24

Specialisation definition

Occurs where workers specialise in carrying of simple production tasks.

25

Added value definition

The increased worth that a business creates for a product. It is the difference between what it costs a business to produce/supply a product and the price that it is able to charge for the product/service.

26

6 examples of adding value

Quality- higher quality, higher price
Design and formula- contains distinctive features
Convenience
Speed and quality of service
Branding- recognisable
Unique selling point

27

Efficiency definition

Achieving minimum productivity with minimum wasted effort or expense

28

Lean production definition

A Japanese production system which helps ensure that waste is kept to a minimum. One feature of this is JIT.

29

Just in time JIT definition

Stocks of materials and components are not stored but are used immediately when they arrive at the factory

30

TQM - total quality management definition

The process where all workers are responsible for quality throughout the process of production.
This increases efficiency as you can find problems early on