Flashcards in Book practice Deck (234)
Age 25-35, Aphthous ulcers, genital ulcers, uveitis, inflammatory arthritis, skin lesions, relapsing/remitting course
Pitting nails, multi joint inflammatory arthritis, 2 weeks later scaling skin lesions
first line treatment in afib with any symptoms or abnormal vital signs
urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis, prior gi illness or STD
female black pt with fever, malaise, weight loss and skin changes
Cards common medication that can cause hyperthyroidism
Only treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
What is the role of b-blockers in hyperthyroidism?
relieves symptoms only
Why/what is treatment for a ganglion cyst?
treat if symptomatic: immobilization then aspiration and/or cortisone
At what post partum minutes are apgar scores recorded?
1 and 5 mins
pt being treated for TB presents with difficulty seeing, dull eye pain, loss of color discrimination. Which drug is to blame?
pt being treated for TB presents with jaundice, rash and flu-like illness. Which drug is to blame?
pt being treated for TB presents with hepatitis and peripheral neuropathy. Which drug is to blame?
pt being treated for TB presents with hyperuricemia and hepatitis. Which drug is to blame?
what types of organisms are being tested for using a blood agar medium?
s. aureus and strep
What is being tested for with a 20% KOH solution direct microscopy study?
What condition is a straight leg raise test evaluating?
possible disk disease of the lower back
What is considered a positive straight leg raise test?
Pain in passive ROM >= 60 degrees in the ipsilateral leg
First line management for patient with kidney stones?
pain control with narcotics
What is the imaging modality of choice for nephrolithiasis?
young pt with tragal ttp, itching and inflammation of the ear canal and no ttp to mastoid, diagnosis?
acute otitis externa
young pt with edema of external auditory canal, anterior and inferior displacement of auricle with ttp posteriorly, diagnosis?
What condition causes the total lung capacity to be increased on pfts?
emphysema, normal in chronic bronchitis
what does COPD do to diffusing capacity on PFTs?
emphysema reduces it, normal in chronic bronchitis
Characteristics of neurogenic shock
hypertensive, normal/tachycardic, decreased svr
Characteristics of cardiogenic shock
hypotension, tachycardia, decreased cardiac index, increase svr, metabolic acidosis (LA), elevated BUN/Cr
treatment of choice/secondary for trigeminal neuralgia?
carbamazepine/oxcarbazepine, phenytoin is second line
symptomatic relief for trigeminal neuralgia?
young patient with anterior tibia pain, diagnosis? muscle affected?
Osgood-Schlatter disease, quadriceps muscle (stair climbing)