Book practice Flashcards Preview

PANRE review > Book practice > Flashcards

Flashcards in Book practice Deck (234)
Loading flashcards...
0

Age 25-35, Aphthous ulcers, genital ulcers, uveitis, inflammatory arthritis, skin lesions, relapsing/remitting course

Behçet syndrome

2

Pitting nails, multi joint inflammatory arthritis, 2 weeks later scaling skin lesions

Psoriatic arthritis

3

first line treatment in afib with any symptoms or abnormal vital signs

cardioversion

4

urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis, prior gi illness or STD

reactive arthritis

5

female black pt with fever, malaise, weight loss and skin changes

SLE

6

Cards common medication that can cause hyperthyroidism

amiodarone

7

Only treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy

PTU

8

What is the role of b-blockers in hyperthyroidism?

relieves symptoms only

9

Why/what is treatment for a ganglion cyst?

treat if symptomatic: immobilization then aspiration and/or cortisone

10

At what post partum minutes are apgar scores recorded?

1 and 5 mins

11

pt being treated for TB presents with difficulty seeing, dull eye pain, loss of color discrimination. Which drug is to blame?

ethambutol

12

pt being treated for TB presents with jaundice, rash and flu-like illness. Which drug is to blame?

rifampin

13

pt being treated for TB presents with hepatitis and peripheral neuropathy. Which drug is to blame?

isoniazid

14

pt being treated for TB presents with hyperuricemia and hepatitis. Which drug is to blame?

pyrazinamide

15

what types of organisms are being tested for using a blood agar medium?

s. aureus and strep

16

What is being tested for with a 20% KOH solution direct microscopy study?

fungus/dermatophyte

17

What condition is a straight leg raise test evaluating?

possible disk disease of the lower back

18

What is considered a positive straight leg raise test?

Pain in passive ROM >= 60 degrees in the ipsilateral leg

19

First line management for patient with kidney stones?

pain control with narcotics

20

What is the imaging modality of choice for nephrolithiasis?

helical CT

21

young pt with tragal ttp, itching and inflammation of the ear canal and no ttp to mastoid, diagnosis?

acute otitis externa

22

young pt with edema of external auditory canal, anterior and inferior displacement of auricle with ttp posteriorly, diagnosis?

mastoiditis

23

What condition causes the total lung capacity to be increased on pfts?

emphysema, normal in chronic bronchitis

24

what does COPD do to diffusing capacity on PFTs?

emphysema reduces it, normal in chronic bronchitis

25

Characteristics of neurogenic shock

hypertensive, normal/tachycardic, decreased svr

26

Characteristics of cardiogenic shock

hypotension, tachycardia, decreased cardiac index, increase svr, metabolic acidosis (LA), elevated BUN/Cr

27

treatment of choice/secondary for trigeminal neuralgia?

carbamazepine/oxcarbazepine, phenytoin is second line

28

symptomatic relief for trigeminal neuralgia?

aspirin/acetaminophen

29

young patient with anterior tibia pain, diagnosis? muscle affected?

Osgood-Schlatter disease, quadriceps muscle (stair climbing)

30

Young pt with hip/knee pain that is worsened with internal rotation, diagnosis?

Legg-Calve-Perthes disease